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Pour des règles du jeu équitables : un nouvel atlas transforme l’accès aux données juridiques en Afrique
WASHINGTON, le 9 mars 2017 – La bonne gouvernance du secteur minier en Afrique suppose l’existence d’un arsenal juridique sans faille. Or ce secteur a pâti jusqu’ici d’un manque de connaissances sur l’évolution des législations des pays africains. Une lacune devenue criante quand un certain nombre d’entre eux, au moment d’adopter ou d’amender leurs codes miniers, ont voulu s’appuyer sur des données comparatives ou des orientations quant à la façon de procéder. Bien que les législations minières soient disponibles dans le domaine public, elles ne sont guère accessibles dans les faits, faute de capacités institutionnelles et de moyens pour diffuser ce type d’informations et de données. C’est dans le but de combler ce vide que le Groupe de la Banque mondiale s’est associé à la Facilité africaine de soutien juridique et à la Commission de l’Union africaine pour lancer le projet « AMLA » (pour African Mining Legislation Atlas). Avec cet atlas des législations minières africaines, il s’agit de favoriser les échanges sur le développement durable du secteur des mines en Afrique par le biais de trois dispositifs :une plateforme de ressources en ligne qui fournit un accès gratuit et centralisé à l’encadrement juridique du secteur minier en Afrique (codes miniers, réglementations et législations des différents pays) ;un programme de formations (a) conçu pour renforcer les capacités de la prochaine génération de professionnels du droit africains ;un modèle cadre (a) qui consiste en un guide de rédaction juridique pour l’élaboration ou la révision des législations minières. Le projet AMLA a formé à ce jour 70  étudiants en droit (36 hommes et 34 femmes), originaires de 18 pays africains. La plateforme, disponible en anglais, en français et en portugais, renferme la totalité des 53 codes miniers existant actuellement en Afrique ainsi qu’un outil comparatif qui permet de mettre en parallèle les dispositions législatives de 37 pays sur les 98 sujets les plus courants du droit minier. Le modèle cadre de l’AMLA, un outil d’aide à la décision Le modèle cadre (a) lancé il y a quelques mois sur la plateforme AMLA est un outil de référence en ligne et gratuit qui propose des lignes directrices pour la rédaction d’une législation minière ou son évaluation au regard du contexte qui prévaut actuellement en Afrique. Il traite de plus de 200 aspects et fournit, pour chacun d’eux, une description détaillée ainsi qu’une sélection d’exemples de dispositions législatives accompagnées d’annotations contenant des éléments de contexte et des éclairages sur les problématiques éventuelles et les points à relever. Ce guide, et la plateforme AMLA plus généralement, ont reçu un accueil très favorable auprès de l’ensemble des acteurs concernés. Lors de l’inauguration officielle du projet organisé à l’occasion de la conférence Mining Indaba, le plus grand rendez-vous mondial consacré aux investissements miniers en Afrique, les hauts responsables et ministres des mines de plusieurs pays africains ont salué une initiative plus que nécessaire. À l’instar de Lebohang Thotanyana, ministre des Mines du Lesotho, qui voit dans l’AMLA « un instrument dont le continent africain a besoin depuis longtemps ». Selon le ministre lesothan, qui conduit le processus de révision de la législation minière récemment engagé par son pays, la plateforme et le modèle cadre fournis par l’AMLA vont permettre à son équipe d’œuvrer avec plus d’efficacité et de transparence. Pour la commissaire de l'Union africaine au Commerce et à l'Industrie, Fatima Haram Acyl, « l’Afrique a besoin d’instruments qui répondent et soient conformes aux principes de la Vision minière pour l’Afrique ainsi qu’aux aspirations de l’Agenda 2063 ». Et d’ajouter : « l’AMLA est le seul instrument de ce type disponible à ce jour […] qui vient répondre à la nécessité de disposer d’un arsenal complet de lois et de cadres règlementaires sur les ressources minières. »   Parmi les autres participants à cet événement, Christopher Stevens, associé dans le cabinet Werkmans et président de LEX Africa, et Nicola Woodroffe, spécialiste juridique au sein du Natural Resources Governance Institute (NRGI), ont tous deux mis en avant les nombreux bénéfices que l’AMLA procure aux cabinets d’avocats qui travaillent auprès de clients du secteur privé et du secteur public. Un projet ancré en Afrique                                                                           Au moment de la planification du projet, il avait été jugé important et pertinent de faire en sorte, qu’à terme, une instance basée en Afrique en assume la responsabilité, l’objectif étant de garantir un engagement vigoureux et d’assurer une production mutuelle de connaissances ancrée dans la réalité du secteur minier africain.     C’est dans cet esprit que la Banque mondiale a commencé à transférer l’entretien et l’actualisation régulière de la plateforme AMLA, ainsi que la coordination du programme de formations, à un secrétariat de la Facilité africaine de soutien juridique, elle-même placée sous l’égide de la Banque africaine de développement. Comme le souligne Sheila Khama, chef de service au pôle Énergie et industries extractives du Groupe de la Banque mondiale, « en transférant l’administration courante de la plateforme à la Facilité africaine de soutien juridique, qui relève de la Banque africaine de développement, la Banque mondiale contribue à valoriser les capacités de ses partenaires régionaux et à pérenniser le projet ».
Igualdade de Condições: Um Novo Atlas Transforma o Acesso aos Dados Jurídicos em África
WASHINGTON, 9 de Março de 2017 – É essencial um enquadramento legal abrangente para uma adequada governação do sector mineiro de África. Contudo, o acesso e o conhecimento das alterações legislativas em muitos países africanos não acompanharam o seu ritmo real. Vários países africanos esforçaram-se por adoptar ou rever os códigos mineiros, procurando informações comparativas e orientações sobre práticas de referência no processo, mas o vazio tornou-se óbvio: há uma falta de dados comparativos sobre leis da mineração e modelos padronizados adequados para a indústria mineira de África. Estas leis já são documentos públicos embora a acessibilidade a estes documentos esteja bloqueada, o que em grande medida se deve à falta de capacidade institucional e à escassez de formas para fornecer essas informações e dados. Em 2014 o Grupo Banco Mundial, em parceria com o Fundo Africano de Apoio Jurídico e a Comissão da União Africana lançou a AMLA. A AMLA visa catalisar a discussão em torno do desenvolvimento sustentável do sector mineiro de África através de três vias:A Plataforma AMLA é um balcão único online grátis, de informações sobre o enquadramento legal da mineração em África, incluindo códigos de mineração, regulamentos e legislação pertinente;O Programa de Formação AMLA centrado no reforço da capacidade na próxima geração de juristas de África; eO Modelo Orientador, um documento anotado concebido para assistir os países na preparação ou revisão das suas leis sobre mineração. Até à data, o projecto AMLA preparou 70 jovens africanos estudantes de direito, 36 homens e 34 mulheres, de 18 países. A AMLA está disponível em Inglês, Francês e Português e contém todos os 53 códigos de mineração africanos existentes, em formato pesquisável, bem como uma funcionalidade de comparação que permite aos utilizadores comparar as disposições legislativas dos 37 países relativamente aos 98 temas mais abordados no que toca a lei da mineração. Modelo Orientador da AMLA, uma Ferramenta para os Decisores No princípio deste ano, foi lançado um produto de conhecimento, o Modelo Orientador da AMLA, uma ferramenta online de referência grátis, que presta orientação sobre a elaboração ou avaliação de uma lei mineira baseada nas actuais realidades de África. Abrange mais de 200 tópicos, fornecendo (i) uma descrição detalhada do tema e (ii) um menu de uma amostra de disposições legislativas acompanhado de anotações para explicar o contexto, questões e aspectos úteis da língua em que são apresentadas. A reacção à AMLA e Modelo Orientador foi altamente positiva de toda a parte. Realizou-se um evento de lançamento em Mining Indaba, a maior conferência do mundo sobre investimento mineiro em África. Altas autoridades governamentais e Ministros das Minas de vários países africanos estiveram presentes e saudaram a AMLA como uma iniciativa muito necessária. “Acho que é a ferramenta que o Continente Africano há muito precisava” disse S.Exa. Lebohang Thotanyana, Ministro das Minas do Lesoto, que está actualmente a dirigir o processo de revisão da lei mineira do Lesoto. O Ministro declarou que o processo, que a sua equipa acabou de iniciar, será realizado de uma forma eficiente e transparente graças à Plataforma AMLA e ao Modelo Orientador. S.Exa. Fatima Haram Acyl, Comissária para o Comércio e Indústria da Comissão da União Africana afirmou que “África precisa de ferramentas que respondam e estejam alinhadas com os princípios da Visão para a Exploração Mineira em África da Agenda 2063. O Atlas da Legislação Africana em Matéria de Mineração é […] a única dessas ferramentas […] que responde à necessidade de haver leis abrangentes sobre recursos minerais e quadros regulamentares”.   Entre os presentes no lançamento e que usaram da palavra contam-se Christopher Stevens, Sócio Parceiro de Werkmans LLC e chefe de LexAfrica, e Nicola Woodroffe, Analista Legal do Instituto de Administração dos Recursos Naturais (NRGI). Ambos referiram os muitos benefícios que a AMLA proporciona às sociedades de advogados que representam os clientes, tanto do sector privado como do público. Um Futuro de Apropriação Africana Durante as fases de planeamento da AMLA ficou determinado que, em última instância, seria importante e adequado que uma entidade sedeada em África assumisse o controlo do projecto para garantir que havia um forte compromisso com a continuação da co-geração de conhecimento com fundamento nas realidades do sector mineiro africano. É neste espírito que o Banco Mundial começou a transferir a manutenção e actualização regular da plataforma AMLA e a coordenação do Programa de Formação para um secretariado no Fundo Africano de Apoio Jurídico, que é acolhido pelo Banco Africano de Desenvolvimento.
Leveling the Playing Field: A New Atlas Transforms Access to Legal Data in Africa
WASHINGTON, March 9, 2017 – A comprehensive legal framework is crucial for the proper governance of Africa’s mining sector. However, access to and knowledge of the evolving legislation of many African countries has not kept pace. A number of African countries have worked to adopt or revise their mining codes, seeking comparative information and guidance on benchmark practices in the process, the void has become obvious: there is an absence of comparative data on mining laws and suitable templates for the African mining industry. These laws are already public documents, yet their accessibility is stalled largely due to a lack of institutional capacity as well as a shortage of ways to deliver that information and data. In 2014 the World Bank Group, in partnership with the African Legal Support Facility and the African Union Commission, launched AMLA. The vision for AMLA is to catalyze discussion around the sustainable development of Africa’s mining sector through three avenues:The AMLA Platform, a free online one-stop resource for Africa's mining legal framework, including mining codes, regulations and related legislation;The AMLA Training Program, focused on strengthening the capacity of Africa’s next generation of lawyers; andThe Guiding Template, an annotated document designed to assist countries in the preparation or revision of their mining laws. To date, the AMLA project has trained 70 young African law students, 36 men and 34 women, from 18 countries. AMLA is available in English, French and Portuguese, and contains all 53 existing African mining codes in searchable format, as well as a comparison feature that allows users to compare the legislation provisions of 37 countries (and counting) across 98 commonly addressed topics in a mining law. AMLA Guiding Template, a Tool for Decision Makers Earlier this year a new knowledge product was launched, the AMLA Guiding Template, a free online reference tool that provides guidance on drafting or assessing a mining law based on Africa’s current realities. It covers over 200 topics, providing (i) a detailed description of the subject matter and (ii) a menu of legislation sample provisions with accompanying annotations to explain the context, issues and useful features of the presented language. Response to AMLA and the Guiding Template has been overwhelmingly positive from all corners. A launch event was held at Mining Indaba, the world’s largest conference on mining investment in Africa. Senior government officials and Mining ministers from several African countries attended the event and hailed AMLA as a much needed initiative. “I think this is the tool the African Continent has needed for quite some time,” said H.E. Lebohang Thotanyana, Lesotho’s Minister of Mines, who is currently leading the review process to revise Lesotho’s mining law. The Minister stated that the process his team has just embarked upon will now be carried out in a more efficient and transparent manner thanks to the AMLA Platform and Guiding Template. H.E. Fatima Haram Acyl, Commissioner for Trade and Industry with the African Union Commission said “Africa needs tools that respond to and are aligned with the principles of the Africa Mining Vision and aspirations of the Agenda 2063. The African Mining Legislation Atlas is […] is the only one of such tools […] that responds to the needs of having comprehensive mineral resources laws and regulatory frameworks.”   Others attending the launch event and speaking included Christopher Stevens, Partner at Werkmans LLC and head of LexAfrica, and Nicola Woodroffe, Legal Analyst with the Natural Resources Governance Institute (NRGI). Both expressed the many benefits AMLA offers law firms that represent both private and public sector clients. A Future of African Ownership During AMLA’s planning stages it was determined that ultimately it would be important and appropriate for an Africa-based entity to take over ownership of the project to ensure there was strong commitment to the co-generation of knowledge continues to occur grounded in the realities of Africa’s mining sector. It is in this spirit that the World Bank began transferring the maintenance and regular updating of the AMLA platform and coordination of the Training Program to a secretariat at the African Legal Support Facility, which is hosted by the African Development Bank.
Africa’s Ocean Economy: Ministers, World Bank and Partners Call for Action-Oriented Sustainable Climate-Smart Investment
Balaclava, MAURITIUS, September 6, 2016— African Ministers from coastal countries and small island developing states along with the World Bank and development partners met in Mauritius on September 1 and 2 at the African Ministerial Conference on Ocean Economies and Climate Change to discuss the importance of building sustainable climate-smart ocean economies in Africa. In a final communiqué, known as the “Mauritius Communiqué”, the Conference participants agreed on a common vision of a prosperous, resilient and inclusive Africa, and noted that the continent will be a leader in the pursuit of climate-smart ocean economies. “The Mauritius Communiqué contains a strong call for climate action in favor of African oceans and coasts,” said Jamal Saghir, Senior Regional Adviser at the World Bank and Co-Chair of the Conference. “The World Bank, together with the African Development Bank and FAO, will prepare a package of measures, consisting of both financial and technical assistance, to support African countries in developing their ocean-based economies in a sustainable way.” Saghir added that the package, which could include up to $670 million from the World Bank’s IDA fund and matching requests to the Green Climate Fund and other sources, will be submitted to African countries for consideration. As part of the “Mauritius Communiqué,” governments, private companies, development and other financial institutions agreed to factor sustainability and transparency into all investment programs to develop ocean and coastal economies and conduct proper environmental impact assessments. The Communiqué established a link between the development of the ocean economy and climate action. Besides the call for submitting programs to the Green Climate Fund, there is also an expectation that African countries will revisit their Nationally Determined Contributions to take oceanic and coastal issues into account. The small island state yet large ocean state of Mauritius provided a remarkable setting for the conference. “Mauritius is proud to have shown leadership and convened this important conference – the first one in Africa and the world. The Conference helps Africa speak with one voice on the topic of the ocean economy and climate change, which is so crucial for the continent’s future,” said Hon. Mr. Xavier Luc Duval, Deputy Prime Minister of Mauritius. “The private sector participated fully and a number of investment opportunities were discussed.” Like other island nations, Mauritius has lost 11 percent of its coastline to severe erosion, while live coral is decreasing.  At the same time, the country has adopted measures such as banning sand mining, and the ministerial meeting here shared best practices and lessons learned for future development. African governments are concerned about coastal population growth, overfishing, as well as the degradation of marine and coastal diversity and ecosystems. All of these issues degrade oceanic and coastal resources, reduce livelihood opportunities, and aggravate poverty. Five hundred thousand people are impacted by coastal floods in West Africa alone every year. The cost of coastal erosion and degradation in Togo, for instance, and associated lost economic opportunity is about 3% of its GDP, or $296 million (in 2013). “Togo is hosting an Extraordinary Summit of the African Union on maritime safety and security and development in Africa in October,” said H. E. Andre Johnson, Togo’s Minister of Environment. “The Mauritius Communiqué will provide a very useful input to the Summit, and the Togolese government will champion the topic of climate-smart ocean economies going forward.”
Économie bleue en Afrique : la Banque mondiale, les ministres africains et les partenaires au développement appellent à des investissements durables et intelligents face au climat
Balaclava, MAURICE, le 6 septembre 2016— Les ministres africains de plusieurs pays côtiers et de petits États insulaires en développement, la Banque mondiale et des partenaires au développement se sont rencontrés à Maurice les 1er et 2 septembre lors de la Conférence ministérielle africaine sur les économies bleues et le changement climatique, pour débattre de la construction d’une économie bleue, durable et intelligente face aux enjeux climatiques en Afrique. Dans un communiqué final intitulé  « Communiqué de Maurice », les participants à la conférence ont exposé leur vision commune d’une Afrique prospère, résiliente et inclusive, et ont noté le rôle prépondérant du continent dans la quête d’une économie bleue et intelligente face au climat. « Le Communiqué de Maurice lance un appel fort à agir pour le climat afin de préserver les océans et les côtes africaines », a déclaré Jamal Saghir, conseiller régional senior à la Banque mondiale et coprésident de la conférence.« La Banque mondiale, avec la Banque africaine de développement et la FAO, préparera une série de mesures d’appui financier et technique pour aider les pays africains à développer une économie durable axée sur les océans. » Jamal Saghir a ajouté que ce projet d’aide qui devrait atteindre 670 millions de dollars et sera financé à part égale par l’IDA (le fonds de la Banque mondiale destiné aux pays les plus pauvres) et le Fonds vert pour le climat ainsi que par d’autres sources, sera soumis aux pays africains pour examen. Les gouvernements, les entreprises privées, les organisations du développement et d’autres institutions financières se sont engagées dans le « Communiqué de Maurice » à développer les économies bleues et côtières, et, à piloter des évaluations d’impact environnemental appropriées en intégrant une clause de durabilité et de transparence dans tous leurs programmes d’investissement. Ce communiqué établit un lien entre le développement d’une économie bleue et l’action pour le climat. Nous invitons les pays à soumettre des propositions de programmes au Fonds vert pour le climat et à réexaminer leurs contributions nationales pour tenir compte des problématiques océaniques et côtières. Maurice, petit État insulaire, mais grand État océanique, a fourni un cadre exceptionnel pour la conférence. « Maurice est fier d’avoir fait preuve de leadership en organisant cette importante conférence – la première en Afrique et dans le monde. Cette conférence aide l’Afrique à parler d’une même voix sur l’économie bleue et sur le changement climatique, deux problématiques essentielles au futur du continent », explique Xavier Luc Duval, vice-premier ministre de Maurice. « Le secteur privé a pleinement participé et de nombreuses opportunités d’investissement ont été examinées. » Comme d’autres pays insulaires, Maurice a perdu 11 % de son littoral en raison d’une importante érosion, et la barrière de corail se réduit. Le pays a adopté des mesures pour y remédier, notamment l’interdiction de l’extraction de sable. La Conférence ministérielle africaine sur l’économie bleue lui a permis de partager son expérience, de débattre des meilleures pratiques avec les autres pays et d’en tirer des enseignements pour le futur. La croissance démographique sur le littoral, la surpêche et la dégradation de la biodiversité des écosystèmes marins et côtiers sont autant de sujets qui préoccupent les gouvernements africains. Tous ces problèmes dégradent les côtes et les océans, réduisent les sources de subsistance pour les populations et aggravent la pauvreté. Cinq cent mille personnes sont touchées chaque année par les inondations côtières en Afrique de l'Ouest. Au Togo, par exemple, le coût de l’érosion et de la dégradation côtière, et le déclin des opportunités économiques qui en résulte représentaient environ 3 % de son PIB, soit 296 millions de dollars, en 2013. « Le Togo accueillera un sommet extraordinaire de l’Union africaine sur la sûreté et la sécurité maritime et sur le développement en octobre prochain », a annoncé André Johnson, ministre de l’Environnement du Togo. « Le Communiqué de Maurice apporte une importante contribution au sommet, et le gouvernement togolais plaidera en faveur des économies bleues intelligentes face au climat.»
Oceans, Fisheries and Coastal Economies
Context For billions around the world—especially the world’s poorest—healthy oceans mean jobs, food and protection. FAO estimates that fisheries and aquaculture assure the livelihoods of 10-12 percent of the world’s population with more than 90 percent of those employed by capture fisheries working in small-scale operations in developing countries. Oceans are equally important for food security and jobs. In 2012, fisheries produced roughly 160 million tons of fish and generated over US$129 billion in exports while securing access to nutrition for billions of people and accounting for 16 percent of total global animal protein. Coastal areas within 100 km of the ocean account for an estimated 61 percent of the world’s total Gross National Product (GNP) and are of particular importance for developing countries. In 54 coastal and island countries up to two thirds of total national territory is ocean. Overall, healthy oceans, coasts and freshwater ecosystems are crucial for economic growth and food production. A healthy ocean is also fundamental to the global effort to mitigate climate change and its impacts. “Blue carbon” sinks such as mangroves and other vegetated ocean habitats sequester 25 percent of the extra CO2 from fossil fuels and protect coastal communities from floods and storms. In turn, warming oceans and atmospheric carbon are causing ocean acidification that threatens the balance and productivity of the ocean. Ocean resources have a vast potential to unlock growth and wealth but human activity has taken a toll on ocean health. Fish stocks have deteriorated due to overfishing—the FAO estimates that approximately 57 percent of fish stocks are fully exploited and another 30 percent are over-exploited, depleted or recovering. Fish stocks are further exploited by illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, responsible for roughly 11 to 26 million tons of fish catches or US$10-22 billion in unlawful or undocumented revenue. In fact, poor fisheries management squanders roughly US$80 billion annually in lost economic potential. Fish habitats are also under pressure from pollution, coastal development, and destructive fishing practices that undermine fish population rehabilitation efforts. Proper management of fisheries, investment in sustainable aquaculture and protection of key habitats can restore the productivity of the ocean and return benefits to billions of people in developing countries while ensuring future growth, food security and jobs for coastal communities. Strategy The World Bank Group helps countries promote strong governance of marine and coastal resources to improve the contribution to sustainable and inclusive growth by supporting sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, establishing coastal and marine protected areas, reducing pollution, integrating coastal resource management and developing knowledge and capacity around ocean health. The World Bank’s active ‘blue growth’ portfolio is worth US$6.4 billion. The Bank provides some $1 billion in financing for sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, and for efforts to conserve and enhance coastal and ocean habitats. The Bank’s engagement in fisheries and aquaculture is also supported by the PROFISH program, which aims to improve the environmental, social, and economic sustainability of world’s fisheries and aquaculture. The Bank also provides some $5.4 billion for coastal infrastructure such as waste treatment, watershed management and other activities that help reduce coastal pollution. Active projects include support for Pacific island region, West Africa and South West Indian Ocean fisheries management, a partnership to build governance for migratory fish stocks in areas beyond and between national jurisdiction, and a regional technical assistance program to combat coastal erosion in West Africa. The Bank also contributes to knowledge around oceans and fisheries with publications such as Fish to 2030: Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture; The Sunken Billions: The Economic Justification for Fisheries Reform and more. In 2014, the World Bank released the Trade in Fishing Services Report, which discusses best practices for foreign fishing arrangements that benefit developing nations. The Bank convenes partners and stakeholders to mobilize ocean investment, advocate for positive reforms and ensure that healthy oceans remain on the global development agenda. It works through partnerships including the PROFISH program, the Alliance for Responsible Fisheries, the Strategic Partnership for Fisheries in Africa and the Ocean Partnerships for Sustainable Fisheries and Biodiversity Conservation. Results In Indonesia, where two-thirds of coral reefs are considered threatened by overfishing, the Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Project (COREMAP), has benefited 358 village communities by establishing marine protected areas and reducing illegal and destructive fishing. This work has increased communities’ income in COREMAP areas by 21 percent since 2008. Now in its third phase, the project aims to increase communities’ income by 15 percent and improve coral reef health in at least 70 percent of project sites by 2019. In Peru, the Bank partnered with the Government to spur the adoption of new regulations to reduce overcapacity in the anchoveta fishing fleet. Since 2008, anchovy harvesting has not exceeded the catch limit established on the basis of scientific evidence to keep the fishery sustainable. By December 2012, a total of 329 wood and steel vessels had been retired, representing around 30 percent of the original fleet. The Government compensated affected workers and facilitated their transition into other economic activities. As a result, independent fisherman who remained in the sector were able to land a better quality product and negotiate a 200 percent increase in price for the sale of their catch.  The Coastal and Biodiversity Management Project in Guinea-Bissau helped the country establish national parks and protected areas network, protecting 480,000 hectares of the country’s coastal zone. In four of the five established protected areas, the effectiveness of park management increased by at least 15 percent from 2005 to 2010. The West Africa Regional Fisheries Program (Cabo Verde, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Senegal and Sierra Leone) aims to increase the economic contribution of marine resources through strengthened fisheries governance, reduced illegal fishing, and increased local value added to fish products. In Liberia, the government passed comprehensive fisheries regulations in December 2010 and inaugurated the first fisheries monitoring center. Since that time, the incidence of illegal fishing has been reduced by 83 percent and fishing communities report higher catches. In Sierra Leone, the Government has brought over 14 industrial vessels to port for illegal fishing and increased public revenues from the fisheries sector from US$0.9 million in 2008 to US$3.8 million in 2013. Senegal in June 2015 enacted a new Fisheries Code for a sensible and sustainable utilization of fisheries resources, including community-led fisheries management. Twelve fishing communities have since been formally recognized, with some reporting an increase in returns of up to 133 percent. India: The Integrated Coastal Zone Management in India  (FY07- FY15) finances national- and state-level capacity building, land use planning, and pilot investments in pollution management, resource conservation, and livelihood improvements. The program is pioneering ‘Hazard Line’ mapping for the entire coastline of India, to better manage coastal space and minimize vulnerabilities through shoreline protection and land use plans. So far, 1.5 million people have benefitted from the program, with nearly half of them women, and more than 12,000 hectares of mangroves have been restored. Work has also begun to stop the flow of more than 80 million liters of untreated sewage into the ocean per day and to protect over 400 km of coastline by 2017.   Mozambique’s conservation areas consist of diverse habitats that include a coastline with some of the most spectacular coral reefs in the world. The MozBio Project aims to strengthen conservation areas’ protection and improve the lives of communities in and around them. It does so by supporting efficient management, promoting tourism, as well as creating jobs, business opportunities, and livelihood activities that focus on conservation and biodiversity. An estimated 11,200 households or 56,000 people are set to directly benefit from the project.
World Bank Group, CTIC Dakar Launch Tech Lab to Spur West and Central Africa’s Digital Economy
Dakar, Senegal, November 3, 2016 — The World Bank Group and CTIC Dakar today launched the Jambar Tech Lab, a business acceleration program to help West and Central African tech start-ups commercialize and scale innovative digital products. First of its kind in the region, the program will connect 40 local high-growth startups with the knowledge, capital, and access to markets they need to grow. The program is part of a new regional effort to improve competitiveness, attract investment, and create jobs through digital technologies. “The digital economy plays a key role in many African countries, as part of the broader services sector that drives more than half of the economic growth in the continent,”said Ganesh Rasagam, manager for Innovation & Entrepreneurship in the World Bank Group’s Trade & Competitiveness Global Practice. The GSMA estimates that last year, mobile technologies and services in Africa supported about 3.8 million jobs and generated about $150 billion of economic value. Those numbers are expected to rise to 4.5 million and $210 billion by 2020. Despite this growing market potential, many digital entrepreneurs across the region still lack the necessary skills and resources to accelerate the development of their businesses, either by entering larger markets or attracting capital from early-stage investors. In order to bridge these gaps, Jambar Tech Lab will offer a six-month program designed to improve the capacity of local firms to identify market opportunities, develop and test products and services, and access business mentors and appropriate financing. The curriculum will cover key topics such as investment readiness and investor engagement, diaspora networks, and internationalization of digital enterprises, and will seek to create the capacity and networks necessary to scale high-potential ventures into profitable businesses. Supported by the governments of Finland, Norway, Sweden, and Senegal, Jambar Tech Lab will be implemented by CTIC Dakar. CTIC Dakar, established in 2011 through a joint World Bank and IFC grant, is Senegal and Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa’s first ICT incubator. Since its establishment, CTIC Dakar has trained over 2000 entrepreneurs and supported over 80 companies that have a cumulative revenue turnover of $6 million and 41% average annual revenue growth. In the coming months, the Jambar Tech Lab will be joined by new regional acceleration programs in eastern and southern Africa. In early 2017, the World Bank Group will also launch the Pan-African Acceleration Program, and select 20 star performers from across the continent to receive additional coaching, mentorship, and exposure to global investors and funds. For more information on Jambar Tech Lab, please visit www.jambartechlab.com.
Le Groupe de la Banque mondiale et CTIC Dakar lancent le programme “Jambar Tech Lab” pour impulser le digital en Afrique de l’ouest et du centre
Dakar, Sénégal le 3 Novembre 2016 — Le Groupe de la Banque mondiale et CTIC Dakar ont lancé aujourd’hui le “Jambar Tech Lab”, un programme d’accélération adressé aux entreprises TIC d’Afrique de l’Ouest et du centre en vue de les aider à commercialiser et passer à l’échelle régionale leurs produits digitaux innovants. Pionnier dans sa zone géographique, ce programme permettra à 40 entrepreneurs d’accéder à un renforcement de capacités, des investisseurs et des marchés régionaux clés dans leur stratégie d’expansion. Ce programme s’inscrit dans une volonté régionale d’améliorer la compétitivité des entreprises, d’attirer les investisseurs et créer des emplois à travers les technologies numériques. « L’économie digitale occupe une place importante dans de nombreux pays africains, on la retrouve dans le secteur plus large des services qui est à lui seul à l’origine de plus de 50% de la croissance observée sur le continent » selon Ganesh Rasagam, responsable du pôle Innovation & Entrepreneuriat de la branche Commerce & Pratiques Mondiale de Compétitivité du Groupe de la Banque Mondiale. L’association GSMA a estimé que l’an dernier en Afrique les technologies mobiles et les services ont permis la création de 3,8 millions d’emplois et ont généré une valeur économique de près de 150 milliards de dollars. Une hausse de ces chiffres est attendue atteignant ainsi respectivement 4,5 millions et 210 milliards de dollars d’ici 2020. Malgré l’essor du potentiel de ce marché, de nombreux entrepreneurs dans le digital au niveau régional présentent des carences du point de vue des compétences et de l’accès aux ressources pour accélérer le développement de leurs entreprises que ce soit en pénétrant de plus vastes marchés ou en captant des capitaux auprès d’investisseurs au stade précoce. Afin d’apporter une réponse à ces problèmes, le Jambar Tech Lab propose un programme d’accélération de 6 mois conçu pour permettre aux entreprises sélectionnées régionalement d’identifier les opportunités sur le marché, de développer et tester leurs produits et services, d’accéder à un réseau de mentors et développeurs d’affaires ainsi qu’à des mécanismes de financement adaptés. Le programme de formation inclut des modules clés tels que la préparation à l’approche des investisseurs et à l’ouverture du capital, le réseautage avec les diasporas, l’internationalisation des entreprises évoluant dans le digital. Avec pour but de réunir les compétences et les réseaux qui permettront de faire passer ces entreprises à fort potentiel au stade d’entreprises rentables et pérennes. Appuyé par les gouvernements de Finlande, du Norvège, de Suède et du Sénégal, le Jambar Tech Lab sera coordonné régionalement par CTIC Dakar. CTIC Dakar est un incubateur de PME TIC à fort potentiel leader en Afrique de l’Ouest. Fruit d’un partenariat public-privé initié en Avril 2011, l’incubateur a accompagné près de 80 PME et startups TIC et coaché plus de 2000 porteurs de projets depuis son lancement. Les entreprises incubées ont généré un chiffre d’affaires cumulé de près de 6 millions de dollars avec un taux de croissance moyen de 41%. L’incubateur, dont la vision est de contribuer à faire du Sénégal un hub de technologie et d’entrepreneuriat en Afrique de l’Ouest, a bénéficié depuis sa mise en place d’un accompagnement financier et technique du Groupe de la Banque mondiale à travers son programme infoDev. Dans les mois à venir le Jambar Tech Lab sera accompagné par d’autres programmes d’accélération régionaux qui seront lancés en Afrique de l’est et du sud. En début d’année 2017, le Groupe de la Banque mondiale initiera également un programme d’accélération panafricain qui accompagnera 20 entrepreneurs parmi les meilleurs sur le continent et leur proposera un coaching, du mentorat et une forte visibilité auprès d’investisseurs et de fonds d’investissements au niveau international.  Pour plus d’informations sur le programme Jambar Tech Lab, visitez www.jambartechlab.com.
Mauritania - Fiscal Consolidation and Private Sector Support Development Policy Operation
IDA Grant: $26.0 million equivalentProject ID: P160592 Project description: The project aims to support fiscal consolidation and private sector participation in non-extractives sectors in Mauritania. 
Mauritius Communiqué as agreed at "Towards COP22: African Ministerial Conference on Ocean Economies and Climate Change
Balaclava, Republic of Mauritius, September 1, 2016 ‒ We, the Ministers and representatives of the participating countries to the “Towards COP22: African Ministerial Conference on Ocean Economies and Climate Change”, (hereinafter referred to as “AMCOECC”), held in Balaclava, Mauritius on September 1-2, 2016; Recognizing that more than 60 percent of the world’s economic output takes place near coastlines, and that in some African countries, the ocean economy contributes one-quarter of revenues and one-third of export revenues; Affirming that Africa relies on its oceans to feed its people, now and into the future; Noting that coastal population growth, overfishing and illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, pollution, unsustainable tourism and other issues degrade marine and coastal biodiversity and ecosystems, cause coastal erosion and flooding, and reduce livelihood opportunities, and aggravate poverty; Recognizing that one of the biggest threats to coastal and marine systems is climate change, the impacts of which are already being detected in many cases and areas of Africa; Affirming that developing ocean economies in a sustainable fashion is possible in a number of areas, including fisheries, aquaculture, minerals, energy, transport and trade, tourism and recreation, and marine biotechnology; Recalling the outcomes of several key international conferences pertaining to Africa and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) treating the issues of oceans and climate change, such as the UN Declaration of Barbados and the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of SIDS, the Nouakchott Declaration for the Fisheries Transparency Initiative, the UN High-level Review Meeting on the Implementation of the Mauritius Strategy for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of SIDS, the UN Small Island Developing States Accelerated Modalities of Action (Samoa Pathway), the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), the Addis Ababa Accord Agenda, the African Union’s Agenda 2063 “The Africa We Want”, the African Union’s “African Decade of the Seas”, 2 the Islands Declaration on Climate Change of Saint Denis de la Réunion, and the Declaration of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) on enhancing cooperation for sustainable development in the Indian Ocean region; Recalling also the decision of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to prepare a special report on climate change and the oceans and cryosphere by 2018; Building on the Lima-Paris Action Agenda which enhanced the implementation of climate action and which provided practical guidelines and orientations to both state and the non-state actors to implement the Paris Agreement and support the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change process, and also supporting the decision of the UN General Assembly to convene a high-level conference on the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14 in New York, June 2017; United in our common vision of a prosperous, resilient and inclusive Africa, in our belief that as a continent, we need to be part of the solution to climate change; Convinced that we have demonstrated leadership through our Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) made at the UNFCCC’s COP21 in Paris and that now, we are ready for business and will embed climate considerations in developing our ocean economies; Supporting the implementation of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, which includes specific SDGs on the sustainable use of the oceans, seas, on food security and nutrition, on poverty reduction and climate change amongst others; Alarmed that obtaining easy access to additional and predictable international finance, especially for African SIDS and Least Developed Countries remains a major obstacle for many African developing countries; Encouraged by the efforts of the World Bank Group, the African Development Bank and other development partners to stimulate climate-smart ocean economies; Urging the full promotion of collaboration and regional cooperation among African nations for sharing of capacity, data, and research for the sustainable management of marine resources; Noting the importance of establishing regional centers of excellence to advance ocean economies, including in the Indian Ocean region, and commending those countries that have already taken steps in this direction, among which the Republic of Mauritius; Thanking the Government of the Republic of Mauritius for its initiative to host the AMCOECC and the World Bank Group and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations for their leadership in supporting the development of climate-smart ocean economies; Call onAll parties, including governments, private companies, development and other financial institutions, to factor sustainability and transparency into any investment program designed to develop ocean economies, and thus to conduct proper environmental impact assessments and foster the resilience of planned investments to likely climate change impacts, and their inclusiveness;African countries to promote sustainable resource use practices in a transparent manner and ratify the FAO Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate IUU Fishing;African countries to implement their NDCs, in particular the actions designed to foster the resilience of oceans and coastal areas;International organizations to help African countries refine their NDCs to include oceans and coastal areas among their priority targets;Development partners, in particular the World Bank Group, the African Development Bank and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, to prepare a package consisting of technical and financial assistance in support of ocean economies and the resilience of oceans and coastal areas to climate change, including through NDC implementation, and to present a proposal at COP22, meeting in Marrakesh in November 2016;African countries to include climate-smart ocean economies in the Green Climate Fund (GCF) Africa Dialogue in Cape Town in October 2016 and in the Africa Adaptation Initiative, and to promote new initiatives on climate-smart ocean economies;Accredited entities under the GCF to prepare program proposals on ocean economies and climate change in Africa for submission to the GCF;The international scientific community to work closely with regional centers of excellence and development partners, to assist African scientific, research and educational institutions in developing knowledge about the current and likely impacts of climate change in the future, and in building African capacity in support of climate-smart ocean economies;Sub-national jurisdictions to create a network to collaborate effectively, share knowledge and drive meaningful and sustainable action in support of climate-smart ocean economies;Leaders at COP22 to take action in support of climate-smart ocean economies, and the World Bank Group, the African Development Bank and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, to convene a dialogue on African oceans and coasts during Oceans Day.
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