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Efficient Management of Mineral Tax Revenues Key to a Sustainable Development
DAKAR, May 15, 2017—Extractives are an important source of income globally, including for about 30 countries in Africa. Efficient management of the collection of tax revenues from extractives can generate key resources for sustainable development work. Drawn from a recent World Bank publication, Transfer Pricing in Mining with a Focus on Africa: A Reference Guide for Practitioners, the Bank, in collaboration with the African Mineral Development Center (AMDC), Minerals and Energy for Development Alliance (MEfDA) and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), organized a training workshop in Dakar, Senegal from May 8 to 12, 2017. The session was attended by tax administration representatives from 17 African countries and civil society organizations such as Open Society for West Africa (OSIWA), Oxfam and the Ford Foundation. The training aimed to build capacity and improve the ability of tax auditors to ensure an efficient management of resources from the mining sector while making sure that tax revenue from mining activities is aligned with contractual agreements. Participants also looked into mining companies’ transfer pricing/profit shifting risks and practices, and shared practical solutions and best practices to address related constraints.  Countries represented at the workshop were Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, DRC, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Mali, Mozambique, Madagascar, Mauritania, Niger and Togo.
Mauritania - INAYA-Health System Support
IDA Grant: $17.0 million equivalentProject ID: P156165 Project description: This project will improve the utilization and quality of Reproductive, Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health services in selected regions, and, in the event of an eligible crisis or emergency, to provide immediate and effective response to such an event.
Pour des règles du jeu équitables : un nouvel atlas transforme l’accès aux données juridiques en Afrique
WASHINGTON, le 9 mars 2017 – La bonne gouvernance du secteur minier en Afrique suppose l’existence d’un arsenal juridique sans faille. Or ce secteur a pâti jusqu’ici d’un manque de connaissances sur l’évolution des législations des pays africains. Une lacune devenue criante quand un certain nombre d’entre eux, au moment d’adopter ou d’amender leurs codes miniers, ont voulu s’appuyer sur des données comparatives ou des orientations quant à la façon de procéder. Bien que les législations minières soient disponibles dans le domaine public, elles ne sont guère accessibles dans les faits, faute de capacités institutionnelles et de moyens pour diffuser ce type d’informations et de données. C’est dans le but de combler ce vide que le Groupe de la Banque mondiale s’est associé à la Facilité africaine de soutien juridique et à la Commission de l’Union africaine pour lancer le projet « AMLA » (pour African Mining Legislation Atlas). Avec cet atlas des législations minières africaines, il s’agit de favoriser les échanges sur le développement durable du secteur des mines en Afrique par le biais de trois dispositifs :une plateforme de ressources en ligne qui fournit un accès gratuit et centralisé à l’encadrement juridique du secteur minier en Afrique (codes miniers, réglementations et législations des différents pays) ;un programme de formations (a) conçu pour renforcer les capacités de la prochaine génération de professionnels du droit africains ;un modèle cadre (a) qui consiste en un guide de rédaction juridique pour l’élaboration ou la révision des législations minières. Le projet AMLA a formé à ce jour 70  étudiants en droit (36 hommes et 34 femmes), originaires de 18 pays africains. La plateforme, disponible en anglais, en français et en portugais, renferme la totalité des 53 codes miniers existant actuellement en Afrique ainsi qu’un outil comparatif qui permet de mettre en parallèle les dispositions législatives de 37 pays sur les 98 sujets les plus courants du droit minier. Le modèle cadre de l’AMLA, un outil d’aide à la décision Le modèle cadre (a) lancé il y a quelques mois sur la plateforme AMLA est un outil de référence en ligne et gratuit qui propose des lignes directrices pour la rédaction d’une législation minière ou son évaluation au regard du contexte qui prévaut actuellement en Afrique. Il traite de plus de 200 aspects et fournit, pour chacun d’eux, une description détaillée ainsi qu’une sélection d’exemples de dispositions législatives accompagnées d’annotations contenant des éléments de contexte et des éclairages sur les problématiques éventuelles et les points à relever. Ce guide, et la plateforme AMLA plus généralement, ont reçu un accueil très favorable auprès de l’ensemble des acteurs concernés. Lors de l’inauguration officielle du projet organisé à l’occasion de la conférence Mining Indaba, le plus grand rendez-vous mondial consacré aux investissements miniers en Afrique, les hauts responsables et ministres des mines de plusieurs pays africains ont salué une initiative plus que nécessaire. À l’instar de Lebohang Thotanyana, ministre des Mines du Lesotho, qui voit dans l’AMLA « un instrument dont le continent africain a besoin depuis longtemps ». Selon le ministre lesothan, qui conduit le processus de révision de la législation minière récemment engagé par son pays, la plateforme et le modèle cadre fournis par l’AMLA vont permettre à son équipe d’œuvrer avec plus d’efficacité et de transparence. Pour la commissaire de l'Union africaine au Commerce et à l'Industrie, Fatima Haram Acyl, « l’Afrique a besoin d’instruments qui répondent et soient conformes aux principes de la Vision minière pour l’Afrique ainsi qu’aux aspirations de l’Agenda 2063 ». Et d’ajouter : « l’AMLA est le seul instrument de ce type disponible à ce jour […] qui vient répondre à la nécessité de disposer d’un arsenal complet de lois et de cadres règlementaires sur les ressources minières. »   Parmi les autres participants à cet événement, Christopher Stevens, associé dans le cabinet Werkmans et président de LEX Africa, et Nicola Woodroffe, spécialiste juridique au sein du Natural Resources Governance Institute (NRGI), ont tous deux mis en avant les nombreux bénéfices que l’AMLA procure aux cabinets d’avocats qui travaillent auprès de clients du secteur privé et du secteur public. Un projet ancré en Afrique                                                                           Au moment de la planification du projet, il avait été jugé important et pertinent de faire en sorte, qu’à terme, une instance basée en Afrique en assume la responsabilité, l’objectif étant de garantir un engagement vigoureux et d’assurer une production mutuelle de connaissances ancrée dans la réalité du secteur minier africain.     C’est dans cet esprit que la Banque mondiale a commencé à transférer l’entretien et l’actualisation régulière de la plateforme AMLA, ainsi que la coordination du programme de formations, à un secrétariat de la Facilité africaine de soutien juridique, elle-même placée sous l’égide de la Banque africaine de développement. Comme le souligne Sheila Khama, chef de service au pôle Énergie et industries extractives du Groupe de la Banque mondiale, « en transférant l’administration courante de la plateforme à la Facilité africaine de soutien juridique, qui relève de la Banque africaine de développement, la Banque mondiale contribue à valoriser les capacités de ses partenaires régionaux et à pérenniser le projet ».
Igualdade de Condições: Um Novo Atlas Transforma o Acesso aos Dados Jurídicos em África
WASHINGTON, 9 de Março de 2017 – É essencial um enquadramento legal abrangente para uma adequada governação do sector mineiro de África. Contudo, o acesso e o conhecimento das alterações legislativas em muitos países africanos não acompanharam o seu ritmo real. Vários países africanos esforçaram-se por adoptar ou rever os códigos mineiros, procurando informações comparativas e orientações sobre práticas de referência no processo, mas o vazio tornou-se óbvio: há uma falta de dados comparativos sobre leis da mineração e modelos padronizados adequados para a indústria mineira de África. Estas leis já são documentos públicos embora a acessibilidade a estes documentos esteja bloqueada, o que em grande medida se deve à falta de capacidade institucional e à escassez de formas para fornecer essas informações e dados. Em 2014 o Grupo Banco Mundial, em parceria com o Fundo Africano de Apoio Jurídico e a Comissão da União Africana lançou a AMLA. A AMLA visa catalisar a discussão em torno do desenvolvimento sustentável do sector mineiro de África através de três vias:A Plataforma AMLA é um balcão único online grátis, de informações sobre o enquadramento legal da mineração em África, incluindo códigos de mineração, regulamentos e legislação pertinente;O Programa de Formação AMLA centrado no reforço da capacidade na próxima geração de juristas de África; eO Modelo Orientador, um documento anotado concebido para assistir os países na preparação ou revisão das suas leis sobre mineração. Até à data, o projecto AMLA preparou 70 jovens africanos estudantes de direito, 36 homens e 34 mulheres, de 18 países. A AMLA está disponível em Inglês, Francês e Português e contém todos os 53 códigos de mineração africanos existentes, em formato pesquisável, bem como uma funcionalidade de comparação que permite aos utilizadores comparar as disposições legislativas dos 37 países relativamente aos 98 temas mais abordados no que toca a lei da mineração. Modelo Orientador da AMLA, uma Ferramenta para os Decisores No princípio deste ano, foi lançado um produto de conhecimento, o Modelo Orientador da AMLA, uma ferramenta online de referência grátis, que presta orientação sobre a elaboração ou avaliação de uma lei mineira baseada nas actuais realidades de África. Abrange mais de 200 tópicos, fornecendo (i) uma descrição detalhada do tema e (ii) um menu de uma amostra de disposições legislativas acompanhado de anotações para explicar o contexto, questões e aspectos úteis da língua em que são apresentadas. A reacção à AMLA e Modelo Orientador foi altamente positiva de toda a parte. Realizou-se um evento de lançamento em Mining Indaba, a maior conferência do mundo sobre investimento mineiro em África. Altas autoridades governamentais e Ministros das Minas de vários países africanos estiveram presentes e saudaram a AMLA como uma iniciativa muito necessária. “Acho que é a ferramenta que o Continente Africano há muito precisava” disse S.Exa. Lebohang Thotanyana, Ministro das Minas do Lesoto, que está actualmente a dirigir o processo de revisão da lei mineira do Lesoto. O Ministro declarou que o processo, que a sua equipa acabou de iniciar, será realizado de uma forma eficiente e transparente graças à Plataforma AMLA e ao Modelo Orientador. S.Exa. Fatima Haram Acyl, Comissária para o Comércio e Indústria da Comissão da União Africana afirmou que “África precisa de ferramentas que respondam e estejam alinhadas com os princípios da Visão para a Exploração Mineira em África da Agenda 2063. O Atlas da Legislação Africana em Matéria de Mineração é […] a única dessas ferramentas […] que responde à necessidade de haver leis abrangentes sobre recursos minerais e quadros regulamentares”.   Entre os presentes no lançamento e que usaram da palavra contam-se Christopher Stevens, Sócio Parceiro de Werkmans LLC e chefe de LexAfrica, e Nicola Woodroffe, Analista Legal do Instituto de Administração dos Recursos Naturais (NRGI). Ambos referiram os muitos benefícios que a AMLA proporciona às sociedades de advogados que representam os clientes, tanto do sector privado como do público. Um Futuro de Apropriação Africana Durante as fases de planeamento da AMLA ficou determinado que, em última instância, seria importante e adequado que uma entidade sedeada em África assumisse o controlo do projecto para garantir que havia um forte compromisso com a continuação da co-geração de conhecimento com fundamento nas realidades do sector mineiro africano. É neste espírito que o Banco Mundial começou a transferir a manutenção e actualização regular da plataforma AMLA e a coordenação do Programa de Formação para um secretariado no Fundo Africano de Apoio Jurídico, que é acolhido pelo Banco Africano de Desenvolvimento.
Oceans, Fisheries and Coastal Economies
Context For billions around the world—especially the world’s poorest—healthy oceans mean jobs, food and protection. FAO estimates that fisheries and aquaculture assure the livelihoods of 10-12 percent of the world’s population with more than 90 percent of those employed by capture fisheries working in small-scale operations in developing countries. Oceans are equally important for food security and jobs. In 2012, fisheries produced roughly 160 million tons of fish and generated over US$129 billion in exports while securing access to nutrition for billions of people and accounting for 16 percent of total global animal protein. Coastal areas within 100 km of the ocean account for an estimated 61 percent of the world’s total Gross National Product (GNP) and are of particular importance for developing countries. In 54 coastal and island countries up to two thirds of total national territory is ocean. Overall, healthy oceans, coasts and freshwater ecosystems are crucial for economic growth and food production.A healthy ocean is also fundamental to the global effort to mitigate climate change and its impacts. “Blue carbon” sinks such as mangroves and other vegetated ocean habitats sequester 25 percent of the extra CO2 from fossil fuels and protect coastal communities from floods and storms. In turn, warming oceans and atmospheric carbon are causing ocean acidification that threatens the balance and productivity of the ocean. Ocean resources have a vast potential to unlock growth and wealth but human activity has taken a toll on ocean health. Fish stocks have deteriorated due to overfishing—the FAO estimates that approximately 57 percent of fish stocks are fully exploited and another 30 percent are over-exploited, depleted or recovering. Fish stocks are further exploited by illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, responsible for roughly 11 to 26 million tons of fish catches or US$10-22 billion in unlawful or undocumented revenue. In fact, poor fisheries management squanders roughly US$80 billion annually in lost economic potential. Fish habitats are also under pressure from pollution, coastal development, and destructive fishing practices that undermine fish population rehabilitation efforts. Proper management of fisheries, investment in sustainable aquaculture and protection of key habitats can restore the productivity of the ocean and return benefits to billions of people in developing countries while ensuring future growth, food security and jobs for coastal communities. Strategy The World Bank Group helps countries promote strong governance of marine and coastal resources to improve the contribution to sustainable and inclusive growth by supporting sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, establishing coastal and marine protected areas, reducing pollution, integrating coastal resource management and developing knowledge and capacity around ocean health. The World Bank’s active ‘blue growth’ portfolio is worth US$6.4 billion. The Bank provides some $1 billion in financing for sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, and for efforts to conserve and enhance coastal and ocean habitats. The Bank’s engagement in fisheries and aquaculture is also supported by the PROFISH program, which aims to improve the environmental, social, and economic sustainability of world’s fisheries and aquaculture. The Bank also provides some $5.4 billion for coastal infrastructure such as waste treatment, watershed management and other activities that help reduce coastal pollution. Active projects include support for Pacific island region, West Africa and South West Indian Ocean fisheries management, a partnership to build governance for migratory fish stocks in areas beyond and between national jurisdiction, and a regional technical assistance program to combat coastal erosion in West Africa. The Bank also contributes to knowledge around oceans and fisheries with publications such as Fish to 2030: Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture; The Sunken Billions: The Economic Justification for Fisheries Reform and more. In 2014, the World Bank released the Trade in Fishing Services Report, which discusses best practices for foreign fishing arrangements that benefit developing nations. The Bank convenes partners and stakeholders to mobilize ocean investment, advocate for positive reforms and ensure that healthy oceans remain on the global development agenda. It works through partnerships including the PROFISH program, the Alliance for Responsible Fisheries, the Strategic Partnership for Fisheries in Africa and the Ocean Partnerships for Sustainable Fisheries and Biodiversity Conservation. Results In Indonesia, where two-thirds of coral reefs are considered threatened by overfishing, the Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Project (COREMAP), has benefited 358 village communities by establishing marine protected areas and reducing illegal and destructive fishing. This work has increased communities’ income in COREMAP areas by 21 percent since 2008. Now in its third phase, the project aims to increase communities’ income by 15 percent and improve coral reef health in at least 70 percent of project sites by 2019. In Peru, the Bank partnered with the Government to spur the adoption of new regulations to reduce overcapacity in the anchoveta fishing fleet. Since 2008, anchovy harvesting has not exceeded the catch limit established on the basis of scientific evidence to keep the fishery sustainable. By December 2012, a total of 329 wood and steel vessels had been retired, representing around 30 percent of the original fleet. The Government compensated affected workers and facilitated their transition into other economic activities. As a result, independent fishermen who remained in the sector were able to land a better quality product and negotiate a 200 percent increase in price for the sale of their catch.The Coastal and Biodiversity Management Project in Guinea-Bissau helped the country establish national parks and protected areas network, protecting 480,000 hectares of the country’s coastal zone. In four of the five established protected areas, the effectiveness of park management increased by at least 15 percent from 2005 to 2010. Subsequently, the GEF financed Biodiversity Conservation Trust Fund Project and the IDA financed Biodiversity Conservation Project, further strengthened the management of the National System for Protected Areas (SNAP) and put in place a sustainable financing mechanism for biodiversity conservation, the BioGuinea Foundation.  Achievements included: increasing the overall management effectiveness of the SNAP to 117% over the 2009 baseline, designing a SNAP-wide monitoring system to track biological and socio-economic health of the PAs, and operationalizing the BioGuinea Foundation. The West Africa Regional Fisheries Program (Cabo Verde, Cote d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Senegal and Sierra Leone) aims to increase the economic contribution of marine resources through strengthened fisheries governance, reduced illegal fishing, and increased value added to fish products. Launched in 2010 with four countries, the program now encompasses 10 countries with about half of them moving into Phase 2. In Cabo Verde, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Senegal and Sierra Leone, where phase 1 is reaching completion, Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing has significantly decreased. For countries such as Liberia and Sierra Leone, reduction in IUU fishing has had direct positive results on livelihoods in coastal communities. In all countries, fisheries legal frameworks are better aligned on international standards and, 37,000 canoes have been registered. Senegal has successfully piloted community led fisheries management. The new Senegalese Fisheries Code was enacted in 2015 and eight fishing communities have since been formally recognized, with the oldest one reporting a 133 percent increase in catch productivity and more resources allocated to education and health. India: The Integrated Coastal Zone Management in India (FY07– FY15) finances national- and state-level capacity building, land use planning, and pilot investments in pollution management, resource conservation, and livelihood improvements. The program is pioneering ‘Hazard Line’ mapping for the entire coastline of India, to better manage coastal space and minimize vulnerabilities through shoreline protection and land use plans. So far, 1.5 million people have benefitted from the program, with nearly half of them women, and more than 12,000 hectares of mangroves have been restored. Work has also begun to stop the flow of more than 80 million liters of untreated sewage into the ocean per day and to protect over 400 km of coastline by 2017.   Mozambique’s conservation areas consist of diverse habitats that include a coastline with some of the most spectacular coral reefs in the world. The MozBio project aims to strengthen conservation areas’ protection and improve the lives of communities in and around them. It does so by supporting efficient management, promoting tourism, as well as creating jobs, business opportunities, and livelihood activities that focus on conservation and biodiversity. An estimated 11,200 households or 56,000 people are set to directly benefit from the project.
アフリカ地域
概要 2015年のサブサハラ・アフリカの成長率は、主に石油をはじめとする商品価格の下落を反映し、2014年の4.5%を下回る4.1%となる見込みです。 金属その他の主要一次産品の輸出国では、一次産品価格の下落に伴い活動が鈍化する一方、ほとんどの低所得国では、インフラ投資と農業拡大により堅調な成長が続くと予想されています。非石油部門、特にサービス部門では成長が続き、2016年以降の成長率を押し上げると見られます。低位中所得国と高位中所得国では、公共投資の増大と観光業の回復により成長が促進されるでしょう。 詳細は2015年度年次報告書(PDF)をご覧ください。  活動 世界銀行グループは、アフリカ地域の経済成長と貧困削減、経済的多様化、また新たな包括的開発フレームワークに重点をおいて取り組みを行っています。 また、以下の分野に優先的に取り組んでいます。農業生産性の向上小農家に対する技術面や資金面での支援、アグリビジネスへの投資、水源管理、また気候変動に優しい農業を推進しています。エネルギーの確保安価で安定的かつ持続可能なエネルギーの供給の他、気候変動適応と防災が最重要課題です。地域統合地域間の連携を強め、経済の活性化と生産性の強化を図ります。都市化水、衛生、交通、住居、権力とガバナンスの管理が、都市化による生産性と収入向上の鍵となります。質の高い人的資本としての若年層の育成雇用のニーズと人材のギャップを埋めるべく、若年層の技術スキル向上支援を行っています。 詳細はアフリカ地域ページ(英語)をご覧ください。
Senegal 3A-OMVS - Transmission Expansion Project
IDA Credit: $97.0 million equivalentMaturity: 38 years, Grace: 6 yearsProject ID: P147921 Project description: This project will enhance electricity trade among Mali, Mauritania, and Senegal.
La bonne gestion des flux financiers dans le secteur minier est un impératif pour un développement durable
DAKAR, 15 mai 2017 — Les industries extractives constituent une source de revenus essentielle pour un bon nombre de pays, dont une trentaine d’économies africaines. Une bonne gestion des recettes fiscales provenant de ce secteur peut contribuer énormément au développement des pays. Dans sa dernière publication intitulée, Transfer Pricing in Mining with a Focus on Africa: A Reference Guide for Practitioners, la Banque mondiale établit une série de recommandations pratiques et des modules de formation destinés aux autorités de l’administration fiscale des pays Africains pour permettre la bonne gestion des revenus du secteur minier. A cet effet, la Banque, en collaboration avec le Centre africain de développement minier, l’Alliance des minéraux et de l’Energie pour le Développement  (MEfDA) et l’Agence allemande de coopération internationale (GIZ), a organisé du 8 au 12 mai, 2017 à Dakar (Sénégal), un atelier auquel ont participé des représentants des autorités fiscales et des ministères chargés des mines de 17 pays Africains et des membres des organisations de la société civile dont l’Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA), Oxfam et la Fondation Ford. Cet atelier visait à renforcer la capacité des contrôleurs fiscaux à s’assurer que les recettes légitimes issues des activités minières sont conformes aux accords contractuels. Les participants se sont penchés sur les risques et pratiques des compagnies minières en matière de flux financiers et de transfert de bénéfices, et ont identifié les solutions administratives pour remédier aux problèmes. Les pays représentés étaient : Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroun, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinée, Guinée équatoriale, Mali, Mozambique, Mauritanie, Madagascar, Niger, République centrafricaine, République du Congo, République démocratique du Congo, Tchad et Togo.
Leveling the Playing Field: A New Atlas Transforms Access to Legal Data in Africa
WASHINGTON, March 9, 2017 – A comprehensive legal framework is crucial for the proper governance of Africa’s mining sector. However, access to and knowledge of the evolving legislation of many African countries has not kept pace. A number of African countries have worked to adopt or revise their mining codes, seeking comparative information and guidance on benchmark practices in the process, the void has become obvious: there is an absence of comparative data on mining laws and suitable templates for the African mining industry. These laws are already public documents, yet their accessibility is stalled largely due to a lack of institutional capacity as well as a shortage of ways to deliver that information and data. In 2014 the World Bank Group, in partnership with the African Legal Support Facility and the African Union Commission, launched AMLA. The vision for AMLA is to catalyze discussion around the sustainable development of Africa’s mining sector through three avenues:The AMLA Platform, a free online one-stop resource for Africa's mining legal framework, including mining codes, regulations and related legislation;The AMLA Training Program, focused on strengthening the capacity of Africa’s next generation of lawyers; andThe Guiding Template, an annotated document designed to assist countries in the preparation or revision of their mining laws. To date, the AMLA project has trained 70 young African law students, 36 men and 34 women, from 18 countries. AMLA is available in English, French and Portuguese, and contains all 53 existing African mining codes in searchable format, as well as a comparison feature that allows users to compare the legislation provisions of 37 countries (and counting) across 98 commonly addressed topics in a mining law. AMLA Guiding Template, a Tool for Decision Makers Earlier this year a new knowledge product was launched, the AMLA Guiding Template, a free online reference tool that provides guidance on drafting or assessing a mining law based on Africa’s current realities. It covers over 200 topics, providing (i) a detailed description of the subject matter and (ii) a menu of legislation sample provisions with accompanying annotations to explain the context, issues and useful features of the presented language. Response to AMLA and the Guiding Template has been overwhelmingly positive from all corners. A launch event was held at Mining Indaba, the world’s largest conference on mining investment in Africa. Senior government officials and Mining ministers from several African countries attended the event and hailed AMLA as a much needed initiative. “I think this is the tool the African Continent has needed for quite some time,” said H.E. Lebohang Thotanyana, Lesotho’s Minister of Mines, who is currently leading the review process to revise Lesotho’s mining law. The Minister stated that the process his team has just embarked upon will now be carried out in a more efficient and transparent manner thanks to the AMLA Platform and Guiding Template. H.E. Fatima Haram Acyl, Commissioner for Trade and Industry with the African Union Commission said “Africa needs tools that respond to and are aligned with the principles of the Africa Mining Vision and aspirations of the Agenda 2063. The African Mining Legislation Atlas is […] is the only one of such tools […] that responds to the needs of having comprehensive mineral resources laws and regulatory frameworks.”   Others attending the launch event and speaking included Christopher Stevens, Partner at Werkmans LLC and head of LexAfrica, and Nicola Woodroffe, Legal Analyst with the Natural Resources Governance Institute (NRGI). Both expressed the many benefits AMLA offers law firms that represent both private and public sector clients. A Future of African Ownership During AMLA’s planning stages it was determined that ultimately it would be important and appropriate for an Africa-based entity to take over ownership of the project to ensure there was strong commitment to the co-generation of knowledge continues to occur grounded in the realities of Africa’s mining sector. It is in this spirit that the World Bank began transferring the maintenance and regular updating of the AMLA platform and coordination of the Training Program to a secretariat at the African Legal Support Facility, which is hosted by the African Development Bank.
Mauritania - Fiscal Consolidation and Private Sector Support Development Policy Operation
IDA Grant: $26.0 million equivalentProject ID: P160592 Project description: The project aims to support fiscal consolidation and private sector participation in non-extractives sectors in Mauritania. 
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