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2017年3月16日,巴黎:以下是世界银行集团行长金墉关于国际货币基金组织和世界银行集团巴黎办公室发生爆炸事件发表的声明: “我代表整个世界银行集团,对在国际货币基金组织和世界银行集团巴黎办公室发生的暴力行为深表震惊。我们心系受到这一事件影响的国际货币基金组织的员工。我赞同拉加德总裁的观点,即,我们员工的安全高于一切。我们谴责这一暴力行为,并决心继续进行我们的重要工作,以帮助我们所服务的人民。
World Bank Treasury Marks 70 Years of Connecting Capital Markets to Development
Washington, DC, July 17, 2017 – Seventy years ago, almost to the day, the World Bank (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, IBRD) issued its first bond. This offering of $250 million, with a 10- and 25- year dual tranche issue, was six times oversubscribed and the largest consortium of its kind. The inaugural bond was issued just two months after the World Bank’s first ever loan to France. The loan, which was signed on May 9, 1947, was made to support France’s reconstruction after World War II. WATCH: The Story of the First Bond “Capital markets are key to transforming society,” said World Bank Treasurer, Arunma Oteh. “Since its inaugural bond 70 years ago, the World Bank Treasury has pioneered many ‘firsts’, ranging from entering into the first formal currency swap with IBM in 1981 to the first global bond in 1989. We also developed the green bond market, in partnership with other multilateral development banks, and the 2017 bond transactions that were structured to improve understanding of the Sustainable Development Goals. Launching the first pandemic bond on 28th June 2017 in response to the 2013/2014 Ebola epidemic further demonstrates the World Bank's commitment to leveraging capital markets for development. Our goal is not only to raise funds at the most reasonable cost for our client countries, but also to develop innovative solutions for the world's most difficult development challenges. Our history shows that when used innovatively and effectively, capital markets are a powerful force for good.” For example, one of the innovations pioneered by the World Bank was its ability to execute currency swaps. These unlocked opportunities to borrow in many currencies, supporting the development of capital markets around the world. Building on its initial transactions with IBM, the World Bank Treasury now manages a significant derivatives portfolio, with $567 billion notional outstanding for World Bank Group institutions.  Beyond the World Bank, the global derivatives market is estimated to be more than $454 trillion. The World Bank Treasury has issued in 59 currencies since 1947, including some that no longer exist. IBRD currently raises between $50-60 billion a year to support its lending to middle-income countries. On average it issues in 20 currencies a year and, in its most recent fiscal year (from July 2016 to June 2017), the World Bank issued in several new currencies, including the Kazakhstani Tenge. “Working with the World Bank is particularly compelling for investors at this time when developed market government bonds are earning little or nothing - or even earning negative yields,” Oteh said.  “At the same time, many investors are also looking for socially responsible investment opportunities. The World Bank’s mission of reducing poverty and inequality in a sustainable manner helps connect investors with projects that help them ‘do good and do well’, while investing directly in triple-A bonds.” Markets can and do act as enablers of socioeconomic development. Since the World Bank issued the first plain vanilla green bond in 2008, for instance, the market has grown in both size and diversity of assets. Today, green bonds are issued across various issuer types and instruments including government, utilities, agencies, corporates, and banks. The Bank has also seen mainstream investors outside the green bond market taking on a very active role and insisting that their investments have a greater focus on the issues of sustainability and environment. As with past innovations, the World Bank will continue to leverage the capital markets to address key development challenges. Notes to Editors The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) rated Aaa/AAA, is one of five (5) entities within the World Bank Group. It was created in 1944. It has 189 member countries and provides loans, guarantees, risk management products and advisory services to predominantly middle-income countries, as well as coordinating responses to regional and global challenges. The International Development Association (IDA), rated Aaa/AAA, was created in 1960. It has 173 member countries and provides loans, guarantees, risk management products, and advisory services to countries with a GNI per capita below $1,215 (cut-off for fiscal year 2016).  It also supports other countries, such as small island economies, that are above this operational cutoff.
High-Level Session Opening Remarks by World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim
Good afternoon. Let me start by thanking President Macron and Secretary-General Guterres for their global leadership on climate change. It’s an honor to co-host this summit with them, to focus on increasing finance and momentum between COP-23 and COP-24. And I’d like to thank the Government of France for continuing to strengthen the spirit that led to the Paris Agreement. Two years ago, we came together in this city and declared that climate change is a “common concern of humankind,” and we affirmed our collective determination to “respond to the urgent threat of climate change.” We’re here at this extraordinary event to raise our collective ambitions for speed and scale. Every day, climate change becomes a more urgent economic, social, and existential threat to all countries and all people. We need investments in the trillions – not billions – to have any hope of keeping the commitments we made here two years ago. That’s what this summit is all about. During the lunch break, many of you participated in the “Climate Agora” – a marketplace showcasing some new financing models and innovation for climate action. Multiple partners are bringing together deals with different kinds of finance in new policy and institutional environments. Let me share four deals that were discussed:The first deal is with Energy Efficiency Services Limited, or EESL – a company that finances residential and public sector energy efficiency investments in India. EESL has already deployed more than 275 million LED bulbs, 4.2 million LED tube lights, and 4 million street lights in municipalities throughout India. Through an innovative bulk procurement business model, EESL has driven down prices to make climate-smart LED bulbs as affordable as conventional bulbs, saving energy costs for customers. Early next year, EESL will use a 220 million dollar World Bank (IBRD) loan, combined with an 80 million dollar guarantee facility, and leverage 200 million dollars of commercial finance to deploy thousands of electric cars and charging stations and millions of smart meters throughout India.The second deal is on Indonesia Geothermal – a Resource Risk Mitigation Facility, established by the Government of Indonesia with support from the World Bank and other partners. The Facility will provide concessional funding and grants to pool and reduce the exposure of developers in the early exploration and drilling phases of geothermal projects. With a 150 million dollar investment from the Government of Indonesia and 325 million dollars in concessional financing, Indonesia Geothermal is expected to leverage up to four billion dollars in private sector funding to develop more than one gigawatt of new thermal capacity, which is part of Indonesia’s target to add 5.8 gigawatts of geothermal power generation by 2026.The third deal is with the new City Resilience Program – or CRP, where we’re partnering with the Global Covenant of Mayors to bring together the largest global alliance of cities committed to tackling climate change. CRP will design and structure climate resilient investments and catalyze new sources of capital to finance them. Over the next three years, the CRP will leverage 4.5 billion dollars in World Bank loans to catalyze billions in public and private capital for technical assistance, project co-financing, and credit enhancement. Essentially, the program will act as an investment banker for cities to structure programs that address their vulnerabilities to climate change. The first phase is starting with more than 30 cities, with the goal of scaling to more than 500 cities in the next decade.The fourth deal is the West African Coastal Areas Management Program,  or WACA, which targets 17 West African countries with the goal of crowding-in two billion dollars to tackle coastal erosion, flooding, and climate change adaptation. The city of St Louis in Senegal will be one of the first beneficiaries. An initial 215 million dollar package that includes 180 million dollars from our IDA fund for the poorest countries, 20 million dollars from the Global Environment Facility (GEF), and nine million dollars from the Nordic Development Fund (NDF) will be presented to the World Bank Board early next year. Then we expect further public and private investments will be mobilized, including, for example, financing for tourism operations. These are just some of the deals presented at the “Climate Agora” today. At the World Bank Group, we’re working with partners to leverage all of the financial mechanisms at our disposal – concessional finance, green bonds, blended finance, and risk-mitigation instruments – to fund climate-smart projects like these, and to set the conditions to get market forces moving in the right direction. Although it wasn’t highlighted at today at the Agora, we’re seeing that our interventions in the solar sector are well received by governments and by markets. A year ago we helped the Government of Zambia prepare a solar auction, which achieved some of the lowest electricity tariffs on the African continent. And the first project was just financed by the market. Similarly, we helped the Government of Argentina to prepare its first Renewables auction, Renovar. I’m very pleased to announce that the financing for the first project closed recently. What’s needed, in many cases, is the standardization of contracts, power purchase agreements, and financing documents. Based on this experience, we’re developing similar support for renewables in Senegal, Ethiopia, Pakistan and elsewhere. But we need to go beyond individual projects. Each of these deals has enormous potential to be scaled up and replicated. To meet the Paris Agreement objectives, we need to get to that scale. None of these critical investments will be possible unless we get the policies right. That means creating incentives for change – removing fossil fuel subsidies, introducing carbon pricing, increasing energy efficiency standards, and implementing auctions for lowest cost renewable energy. And we need to take an integrated view and work together. This weekend, Caribbean leaders committed to collectively define a vision for the world’s first climate-smart zone covering renewable energy, resilient infrastructure, innovative financing, and capacity building. This calls for a unique partnership between the Caribbean leaders and people, multilateral organizations, and the local and international private sectors.  We’re honored to join efforts to support the Caribbean countries and help them achieve this vision. As a global multilateral development institution, the World Bank Group is continuing to transform its own operations in recognition of a rapidly changing world.  To ensure alignment of our support to countries to meet their Paris goals, today we are announcing that the World Bank Group will no longer finance upstream oil and gas, after 2019.  In exceptional circumstances, consideration will be given to financing upstream gas in the poorest countries where there is a clear benefit in terms of energy access for the poor and the project fits within the countries’ Paris Agreement commitments. We’re determined to work with all of you to put the right policies in place, get market forces moving in the right direction, put the money on the table, and accelerate action. That’s the only way we can meet the commitments we made two years ago, and finally begin to win the battle against climate change.  Thank you.
Declaración del Presidente del Grupo del Banco Mundial, Jim Yong Kim, sobre la explosión en la oficina del FMI y del Banco Mundial en París
PARÍS, 16 de marzo de 2017 - Lo que sigue es una declaración del Presidente del Grupo Banco Mundial, Jim Yong Kim, sobre la explosión en la oficina compartida del Fondo Monetario Internacianal (FMI) y el Grupo Banco Mundial en París. "En nombre de todo el Grupo del Banco Mundial, quisiera expresar mi profunda conmoción por el acto de violencia perpetrado en la oficina compartida del Grupo Banco Mundial y del Fondo Monetario Internacional en París. Nuestro pensamiento está con el personal del FMI que fue afectada por este incidente. Comparto la visión de la directora gerente del FMI, Christine Lagarde de que la seguridad de nuestro personal es primordial. Condenamos este acto de violencia y estamos decididos a continuar nuestro importante trabajo para ayudar a las personas a quienes servimos".
Statement by World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim on the Explosion at the Shared IMF-World Bank Group Office in Paris
PARIS, March 16, 2017—The following is a statement from World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim regarding the explosion at the shared IMF-World Bank Group office in Paris: “On behalf of the entire World Bank Group, I would like to express my deep shock at the act of violence perpetrated at the shared IMF-World Bank Group office in Paris. Our thoughts are with the IMF staff affected by this incident. I share Managing Director Lagarde's view that the safety of our staff is paramount. We condemn this act of violence and are determined to continue our important work to help the people we serve.”
بيان رئيس مجموعة البنك الدولي جيم يونغ كيم حول الانفجار في المكتب المشترك لصندوق النقد الدولي ومجموعة البنك الدولي في باريس
باريس، 16 مارس/آذار 2017 – أصدر رئيس مجموعة البنك الدولي جيم يونغ كيم البيان التالي حول الانفجار في المكتب المشترك لصندوق النقد الدولي ومجموعة البنك الدولي في باريس."بالنيابة عن مجموعة البنك الدولي بأكملها، أود أن أعبر عن صدمتي العميقة حول العمل العنيف الذي ارتكب في المكتب المشترك لصندوق النقد الدولي ومجموعة البنك الدولي في باريس. قلوبنا مع موظفة صندوق النقد الدولي المتضررة من هذا الحادث. وأنا أشاطر رأي المديرة العامة لاغارد بأن سلامة موظفينا أمر بالغ الأهمية. ونحن ندين هذا العمل العنيف، ونحن مصممون على مواصلة عملنا الهام لمساعدة الناس الذين نخدمهم". 
World Bank Group Commits $1.3 Billion Support for Madagascar
PARIS, December 2, 2016— The World Bank Group pledged $1.3 billion over the next three years to support Madagascar’s development through its national development plan. The announcement was made at the Donors and Investors Conference for Madagascar, held in Paris on December 1 and 2, 2016. Madagascar is renowned for its exceptional biodiversity and abundant natural resources. However, due to successive crises, 90% of the population live below the poverty line and half of the children under five suffer from chronic malnutrition. “Madagascar recovers from a long political, economic and social crises. In order to accompany the country on the right track of an inclusive and sustainable growth, the World Bank decided to provide an exceptional funding to Madagascar to help the Government pursue the necessary reforms that will boost the economy and expand the access to basic services and markets by the population,” said Makhtar Diop, World Bank Vice President for the Africa Region. This exceptional funding consists of $1 billion grant and concessional loans and will support agriculture development, improve nutrition and access to education, and connect farmers and fishers to markets by rehabilitating the road network. The World Bank Group commitment includes $330 million from IFC, the World Bank's private-sector lending arm. “The progress noted in Madagascar is promising and is generating renewed interest from investors. IFC is committed to supporting investments that will contribute to the inclusive and sustainable development of the country, particularly in agribusiness, infrastructure, especially renewable energy and transport, and finance,” highlighted Oumar Seydi, Regional Director of IFC. The World Bank Group and the Government of Madagascar also signed two grant agreements during the Conference. The first one of $35 million, will support the Government’s response to the drought in the South of Madagascar by providing cash transfers, livelihood recovery grants and nutrition services to extreme poor households in the five most affected districts. The second grant, which amounted $65 million is a budget support that aims at supporting the Government to improve public finance management, the investment climate and to attract investments. At the Conference, the Malagasy State has mobilized a record amount of $6.4 billion for the period 2017-2020. This funding will support the implementation of the National Development Plan, a reform strategy and investment program that will seek to promote an inclusive and sustainable growth.
Le Groupe de la Banque mondiale s’engage à débloquer 1,3 milliard de dollars pour Madagascar
PARIS, le 2 décembre 2016—A l’ occasion de la Conférence des Bailleurs de fonds et Investisseurs pour Madagascar qui s’est tenue à Paris les 1er et 2 décembre 2016, le Groupe de la Banque mondiale a annoncé un appui financier de l’ordre de 1,3 milliard de dollars pour soutenir le développement de Madagascar au cours des trois prochaines années. Madagascar est réputée pour sa biodiversité exceptionnelle et l’abondance de ses ressources naturelles. Pourtant, en raison de crises successives, 90% de la population vit aujourd’hui sous le seuil de pauvreté et près d’un enfant de moins de cinq ans sur deux souffre de malnutrition chronique. « Madagascar se relève d'une longue crise politique, économique et sociale. Afin d’accompagner le pays sur la voie d’une croissance inclusive et durable, la Banque mondiale a décidé d’octroyer un financement exceptionnel à Madagascar pour aider les autorités à mener à bien les réformes permettant la relance de l’économie et élargir l’accès des populations aux services de base et aux marchés », a souligné Makhtar Diop, le vice-président de la Banque mondiale pour l’Afrique. Ce financement exceptionnel est constitué de près de 1 milliard de dollars de dons et prêts concessionnels qui appuieront le développement de l'agriculture, amélioreront la nutrition et l’accès des enfants à l’éducation, et connecteront les paysans et pêcheurs aux marchés en réhabilitant le réseau routier. L'engagement du Groupe de la Banque mondiale inclut également 330 millions de dollars de financement provenant de l’IFC, filiale de la Banque mondiale dédiée au secteur privé. « Les progrès constatés à Madagascar sont prometteurs et génèrent un regain d'intérêt des investisseurs. IFC s'engage à soutenir les investissements qui contribueront le plus au développement inclusif et durable du pays, en particulier dans les secteurs de l'agro-industrie, l'infrastructure, particulièrement les énergies renouvelables et les transports, et la finance », a déclaré Oumar Seydi, Directeur régional pour l'IFC. La Conférence fut également l'occasion pour la Banque mondiale et le Gouvernement malgache de signer deux accords de dons. Le premier, d’un montant de 35 millions de dollars, va permettre à l’Etat de développer un programme de transferts monétaires d’urgence pour les familles les affectées par la sécheresse qui sévit dans le sud du pays. Le second, s’élevant à 65 millions de dollars, est un appui budgétaire visant à soutenir les réformes engagées par le Gouvernement pour améliorer la gestion des finances publiques, le climat des affaires et attirer les investissements. Au cours de la Conférence des Bailleurs de fonds et des Investisseurs, l’Etat malgache a mobilisé un montant record de 6,4 milliards de dollars pour 2017-2020. Ces fonds l'aideront à financer la mise en œuvre du Plan National de Développement, une stratégie de réformes et un programme d’investissements cherchant à promouvoir une croissance inclusive et durable.
Déclaration du président du Groupe de la Banque mondiale, Jim Yong Kim, sur l'explosion au bureau du FMI et de la Banque mondiale à Paris
PARIS, le 16 mars 2017 — La déclaration qui suit a été prononcée par le président du Groupe de la Banque mondiale, Jim Yong Kim, au sujet de l’explosion qui a eu lieu à Paris au bureau du FMI, dans des locaux que l'institution partage avec le Groupe de la Banque mondiale. « Au nom de l’ensemble du Groupe de la Banque mondiale, j’aimerais exprimer ma profonde émotion face à l’acte de violence perpétré au bureau que partagent le FMI et le Groupe de la Banque mondiale à Paris. Nos pensées vont à l’employée du FMI qui a été affectée par cet incident. Je partage le point de vue de la directrice générale du FMI, Mme Lagarde, sur le fait que la sécurité de notre personnel est primordiale. Nous condamnons cet acte de violence et sommes déterminés à poursuivre le travail important que nous effectuons afin d’aider les populations que nous servons. »
Économie bleue en Afrique : la Banque mondiale, les ministres africains et les partenaires au développement appellent à des investissements durables et intelligents face au climat
Balaclava, MAURICE, le 6 septembre 2016— Les ministres africains de plusieurs pays côtiers et de petits États insulaires en développement, la Banque mondiale et des partenaires au développement se sont rencontrés à Maurice les 1er et 2 septembre lors de la Conférence ministérielle africaine sur les économies bleues et le changement climatique, pour débattre de la construction d’une économie bleue, durable et intelligente face aux enjeux climatiques en Afrique. Dans un communiqué final intitulé  « Communiqué de Maurice », les participants à la conférence ont exposé leur vision commune d’une Afrique prospère, résiliente et inclusive, et ont noté le rôle prépondérant du continent dans la quête d’une économie bleue et intelligente face au climat. « Le Communiqué de Maurice lance un appel fort à agir pour le climat afin de préserver les océans et les côtes africaines », a déclaré Jamal Saghir, conseiller régional senior à la Banque mondiale et coprésident de la conférence.« La Banque mondiale, avec la Banque africaine de développement et la FAO, préparera une série de mesures d’appui financier et technique pour aider les pays africains à développer une économie durable axée sur les océans. » Jamal Saghir a ajouté que ce projet d’aide qui devrait atteindre 670 millions de dollars et sera financé à part égale par l’IDA (le fonds de la Banque mondiale destiné aux pays les plus pauvres) et le Fonds vert pour le climat ainsi que par d’autres sources, sera soumis aux pays africains pour examen. Les gouvernements, les entreprises privées, les organisations du développement et d’autres institutions financières se sont engagées dans le « Communiqué de Maurice » à développer les économies bleues et côtières, et, à piloter des évaluations d’impact environnemental appropriées en intégrant une clause de durabilité et de transparence dans tous leurs programmes d’investissement. Ce communiqué établit un lien entre le développement d’une économie bleue et l’action pour le climat. Nous invitons les pays à soumettre des propositions de programmes au Fonds vert pour le climat et à réexaminer leurs contributions nationales pour tenir compte des problématiques océaniques et côtières. Maurice, petit État insulaire, mais grand État océanique, a fourni un cadre exceptionnel pour la conférence. « Maurice est fier d’avoir fait preuve de leadership en organisant cette importante conférence – la première en Afrique et dans le monde. Cette conférence aide l’Afrique à parler d’une même voix sur l’économie bleue et sur le changement climatique, deux problématiques essentielles au futur du continent », explique Xavier Luc Duval, vice-premier ministre de Maurice. « Le secteur privé a pleinement participé et de nombreuses opportunités d’investissement ont été examinées. » Comme d’autres pays insulaires, Maurice a perdu 11 % de son littoral en raison d’une importante érosion, et la barrière de corail se réduit. Le pays a adopté des mesures pour y remédier, notamment l’interdiction de l’extraction de sable. La Conférence ministérielle africaine sur l’économie bleue lui a permis de partager son expérience, de débattre des meilleures pratiques avec les autres pays et d’en tirer des enseignements pour le futur. La croissance démographique sur le littoral, la surpêche et la dégradation de la biodiversité des écosystèmes marins et côtiers sont autant de sujets qui préoccupent les gouvernements africains. Tous ces problèmes dégradent les côtes et les océans, réduisent les sources de subsistance pour les populations et aggravent la pauvreté. Cinq cent mille personnes sont touchées chaque année par les inondations côtières en Afrique de l'Ouest. Au Togo, par exemple, le coût de l’érosion et de la dégradation côtière, et le déclin des opportunités économiques qui en résulte représentaient environ 3 % de son PIB, soit 296 millions de dollars, en 2013. « Le Togo accueillera un sommet extraordinaire de l’Union africaine sur la sûreté et la sécurité maritime et sur le développement en octobre prochain », a annoncé André Johnson, ministre de l’Environnement du Togo. « Le Communiqué de Maurice apporte une importante contribution au sommet, et le gouvernement togolais plaidera en faveur des économies bleues intelligentes face au climat.»
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