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Overseas Chinese watch 19th CPC National Congress on TV, networks

Chinese peacekeepers watch a screen displaying the opening session of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in southern Lebanon, Oct 18, 2017. The five-yearly CPC congress, China's most significant political meeting, opened in Beijing on Oct 18, 2017. Overseas Chinese watched the event through live broadcasting on TV and networks. [Pohto/Xinhua]

Chinese peacekeepers and staff members of Chinese-funded enterprises watch the screen displaying the opening session of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in Liberia, Oct 18, 2017. [Pohto/Xinhua]

Staff members of a Chinese construction company watch the screen displaying the opening session of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in Hanoi, Vietnam, Oct 18, 2017. [Pohto/Xinhua]

Staff members of Chinese Embassy in the United States watch a screen displaying the opening session of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in Washington DC, the United States, on Oct 17, 2017 (local time). [Photo/Xinhua]

China's reform will lead to sustainable growth: Putin

SOCHI, Russia -- Russian President Vladimir Putin Thursday called the ongoing 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in Beijing "unprecedentedly open" and said Russia has "great cooperation plans" with China.

"We are very closely following the CPC congress, which is unprecedentedly open. We see difficulties as well as possibilities," he said at a meeting of the Russian think tank Valdai Discussion Club here.

Putin called China a major propeller of the global economy. Although China's GDP expansion slightly slowed to 6.8 percent in the third quarter of 2017, he believes the ongoing structural reform will lead to sustainable growth.

"We have great cooperation plans with China in the areas of space, high-tech and energy. These are the bases for the future development of Russia-China relations," Putin said.

The Russian president said he and Xi call each other friends publicly as "this corresponds to the level of our personal relationship," while they defend the interests of their own country.

"On each issue we are always able to find a consensus and come to an agreement, which turns out to be beneficial to both countries. We are moving forward, instead of going round," Putin said.

Xi's report at key CPC meeting further strengthens global confidence in China

 BEIJING -- Chinese President Xi Jinping's report at a landmark meeting of the Communist Party of China has further boosted the confidence of foreign countries and organizations in China's development prospect and global role.

In the report delivered Wednesday at the opening session of the 19th CPC National Congress, Xi, who is also general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, blueprinted China's future development and reiterated Beijing's aspiration to build a community with a shared future for mankind.

The report "outlines China's grand strategy for the next few decades" as it brings greater clarity to the vision for China's full modernization by the middle of the 21th century, said Dali L. Yang, a professor of political science in the University of Chicago.

In particular, the expert said he was impressed by the report's emphasis on the environment and efforts to build a greener China.

"In fact, the report mentions the environment more than the economy. Modernization is more than economic growth and Xi's report is a clear articulation of the CPC's greater emphasis on balanced development," he told Xinhua via email.

B. R. Deepak, a professor at the Center of Chinese and Southeast Asian Studies of Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, noted that Xi's report draws a blueprint for China's future direction.

"With this blueprint, China will forge ahead to transform into a great modern socialist country by 2050," added the renowned Indian expert on China.

He added that China's vision of building a community with a shared future for all humankind, championed by Xi, emphasizes the ongoing trend of multi-polarism, interdependence, tolerance and mutually-beneficial cooperation.

Noting that Xi mentioned the Belt and Road Initiative in his report, Deepak said, "In the next five years, we will witness a lot more infrastructure connectivity in Eurasia, and the region is likely to emerge as an important driver of regional and global growth."

For Rashed Khan Menon, Bangladesh's civil aviation and tourism minister, China's progress is very important to developing countries like Bangladesh, and Xi's speech reflects what people desire across the world.

"I do believe that the CPC led by Xi Jinping is capable enough to build a modernized socialist China with Chinese characteristics," he said. "We are confident in his leadership dynamism to lead China forward."

In the eyes of Suresh Acharya, a senior member of Nepal's Rashtriya Prajatantra Party (Democratic), Xi's report is "highly important for the entire South Asia and neighboring countries like Nepal."

"From his remarks I see very positive signals to materialize the dream of creating this century as the Asian Century," he said. "The pragmatic vision presented by President Xi will help to build a peaceful and harmonious world."

"I believe that China will become a global leader as envisioned by President Xi in terms of comprehensive national strength and international influence," he added. "Common prosperity for everyone will be basically achieved."

Chinese scientists discover anticancer activities in TCM medicine

Chinese scientists have found evidence that cordyceps militaris, one of the many traditional Chinese medicines widely used for its healing powers, carries anticancer activities by identifying a dual biosynthesis of two anticancer compounds in the fungus.

The two compounds are cordycepin and pentostatin. The former was first identified from cordyceps militaris in 1950 but its synthesis mechanism had remained unknown. The latter was first identified from a bacterium and was developed as a commercial drug to treat leukemia and cancers in the 1990s.

"For the first time, we decoded the biosynthesis mechanism of cordycepin in the fungus and during the research we discovered pentostatin just by chance," said Wang Chengshu, head of the research team at the Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, a branch of the Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

"These two compounds coexist in fungal cells in the form of protector and protégé. That is to say, cordycepin is synthetized with the coupled production of pentostatin to protect the stability of the former," he said.

A paper about the team's findings after nearly eight years of research was published on the website of Cell Chemical Biology, an international journal, on Thursday.

Cordyceps fungi are popular in China for its widely believed immunity-enhancing and energy-strengthening properties. Their uses in medical treatment dates back to the Compendium of Materia Medica, a book widely deemed the bible of traditional Chinese medicine written in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

"Arguments have been going on for years whether such fungi are antibacterial or anticancer and people use them based on experience in most cases. It's a major progress that our team scientifically proved that cordyceps militaris really carries such properties," said Guo Jinhua, Party secretary of the institute.

Nation has growing role in global economic governance

Editor's Note: The Communist Party of China is holding its 19th National Congress in Beijing. China Daily asked four prominent experts for their views on developments in China and the country's global leadership.

As a supporter of globalization and sustainable development, China is playing an increasingly important role in global economic governance, according to the head of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Angel Gurria, the OECD's secretary-general, said the nation's continued development and successful transition from a country with double-digit growth rates to one with more sustainable high single-digit rates has been its most notable achievement during the past five years.

Angel Gurria, secretary-general of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. [Photo provided to China Daily]

He attributes China's smooth economic transition largely to a series of structural reforms and predicted that the country will remain the major driver of global growth for the foreseeable future.

Gurria said the Belt and Road Initiative, proposed by President Xi Jinping in 2013, has the potential to accelerate the economic integration of Asia, Europe and Africa by improving connectivity, trade and investment.

One of the most visible changes in China, he said, is the abundance of internet-based services, including mobile payments and the sharing economy.

"These innovations have changed Chinese lives, well ahead of many other more economically advanced countries," he said.

Gurria said today's China is innovative, dynamic and flexible, but he warned that there are challenges ahead.

"A major challenge China will face in the coming years will be to accelerate structural reforms to the extent necessary to keep growth rates at a relatively high level," he said, adding that growth will become increasingly reliant on productivity gains as the working population ages and shrinks.

He said a level playing field for private Chinese businesses, foreign companies and State-owned enterprises is crucial.

Speaking ahead of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Gurria said he has met Xi several times, and that the Chinese president's leadership and vision had left a deep impression. He hopes the important gathering will continue to support a leadership that gives impetus to the reforms and keeps the economy on a path of stability.

"We also look forward to seeing a reiteration of China's commitment to openness and economic globalization, as affirmed by Xi this year," said Gurria, who stressed that the OECD stands ready to further strengthen its policy support for China's reforms, and to join hands to create better policies for both Chinese people and the world.

As a key contributor to global economic growth and as the world's most populous nation, China has become an indispensable partner in seeking common solutions to challenges, such as poverty and climate change, he said.

"The remarkable economic and social progress China has achieved over recent decades offers unique insights for other developing countries as they build capacity and institutions to improve living standards for their citizens," he said.

Gurria said he believes China is ahead of many more developed countries in laying the foundations for a more resource-efficient, low-carbon and highly digitized economy.

Oct 19 2017
The evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society represents a historic shift that affects the whole landscape.
Friendship comes before business

Editor's Note: The Communist Party of China is holding its 19th National Congress in Beijing. China Daily asked four prominent experts for their views on developments in China and the country's global leadership.

Jerry Brown, the governor of California, visited China in June. Can you comment on the visit and China-California cooperation?

I know Governor Brown was excited to talk directly with President Xi Jinping during his visit. He wants to be part of China's future, and so do we. He also wants to make sure that climate change is our No 1 priority. Xi knows he can do a lot and can guide the rest of the country. I also think when China looks at the United States, California has always been one of the strongest economic, educational, scientific and innovative voices.

Ed Lee, mayor of San Francisco. [Photo provided to China Daily]

How do you see the relationship between San Francisco and China?

Even though San Francisco is an international city, the relationship with China is one of the strongest, because the people in China and the people in San Francisco both want to make it stronger. We work hard at it. We were the first US city to establish a sister-city relationship with Shanghai. Over the years, the relationship has strengthened. We now have more than 10 friendship cities, including Qingdao, Wuhan and Chengdu.

What was your most significant experience in China?

One of the most significant trips was to go back to Sijiu town in Taishan county (Guangdong province) to visit the house where my dad was born and grew up, and the place where my mom and dad got married. To be part of the village gives me a sense of cultural identity and helps me understand why so many immigrants came to the US. They came to seek a new life, but they also left strong family ties.

When I made a trip to China for the first time in 1975 as a student that was significant, too. It was opening up. We had so many questions about how Chinese people were living, how my ancestors lived and how New China after 1949 looked. I remember at that time it was all about friendship-establish friendship first before business. As a mayor, I was able to create opportunities like ping-pong diplomacy. That's why we have a citywide table tennis tournament, to remind everyone that these are the things that create relationships. It's not just about business; it's about relationships that will last well beyond a business deal.

Initiative is building connectivity

Editor's Note: The Communist Party of China is holding its 19th National Congress in Beijing. China Daily asked four prominent experts for their views on developments in China and the country's global leadership.

What has been China's biggest achievement over the past five years?

China has moved to the center of the global stage. Now, it has a bigger say in the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank; it has made the Shanghai Cooperation Organization a more active, international organization; and it has developed the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. President Xi Jinping goes to Davos and, as the US seems to be stepping away from globalization and climate change, advocates more internationally public goods. There was talk about making the market the decisive allocator of resources, and there has been less progress made on that.

David Lampton, Hyman professor and director of SAIS-China and China studies at the John Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. [Photo provided to China Daily]

What three words would you use to describe China?

I would say China is a complicated country. We need to deal with it knowing that it is not a homogeneous place. Second, it has rising expectations. China accounts for about 18 or 19 percent of global GDP. So in economic terms, Chinese people have made a lot of progress fast. China, India, Brazil and Indonesia are strengthening economically, and people in the US are going to have to learn to compromise and share the leading role. Finally, in China, leaders matter. We are seeing the rise of a leader who will make a big difference.

What do you think is the single biggest challenge facing China?

China faces two big challenges. One is sustainable development. How is it going to improve the lives of its people while preserving the environment and the resources that will continue to support further growth? The second is that success creates a new set of problems. As you modernize, people become more educated, they want greater control of their personal lives.

What do you think the solution is?

Sustainability will be achieved through a more judicious use of resources or conservation, and China is moving ahead with a lot of clean energy technologies. But we need a more innovative society that is comfortable with taking risks. To achieve this, we need leaders that believe in their people.

Could some of China's experiences be used to solve pressing global problems?

When big powers try to provide models to smaller ones, we usually end up in trouble. So I'm a little skeptical on that score.

However, China does the world a great service when it takes care of its own problems. When China is stable and prosperous, it helps the world economy.

But a big thing that it is doing is connectivity. The Belt and Road Initiative is about building connectivity around the periphery of China and knitting it to its neighbors, increasing urbanization, development and developing markets. So I like this idea of China relating to the outside world through building connections, increasing interdependence, because if we are more interdependent, we will be more peaceful.

What do you think China will be like in five years?

I think Xi will be the leader, it will have a higher GDP per capita, it will play a more important role in the world, and I hope relations between the US and China will be better. Right now, there are a lot of challenges, but it will be a world in which the current trends continue, and I would hope we can cooperate on some of the big problems.

Experts' perspective

With the implementation of the eight-point code, we all feel that the working methods and attitude of the Party and governmental organs have improved over the past five years, and staff members of these organs have stayed closer to the people.

Huang Yibing, researcher at the Party History Research Center of the CPC Central Committee

 

The vocation of special-needs education has developed for more than 30 years. It is urgent to further develop it and continue to reform and innovate, exploring ways to train children with special needs to better serve society. In July, the government released the second round of a three-year plan to promote special education. I believe the development of education for special-needs people will prosper in the future.

Yang Xiaoling, deputy head of a special-needs school in Wuhan, Hubei province

 

Beijing Thermal Power Plant, a major heating service supplier for residents in the southeastern area of the city, has been ready to further lower emissions to help blue skies stay longer in winter. If the coal-fired unit does start in some emergency cases, we still can guarantee low emissions, without worrying about pollution from it.

Liu Zongfu, deputy manager of Beijing Thermal Power Plant

 

China is building Tianhe-3, the world's first exascale supercomputer capable of making a quintillion (1 followed by 18 zeros) calculations per second. It will be 10 times faster than the current world leader, China's Sunway TaihuLight, and will become an important platform for national scientific development and industrial reforms.

Meng Xiangfei, head of the applications department of the National Supercomputer Center

 

I think it is necessary for China to assimilate traditional cultures into ordinary people's daily life. The report of the 19th National Congress specifically pointed out the need to pursue a better life. I think the better life is meeting material and psychological needs. As a publisher, we will accomplish our duty in the new era to contribute to people's beautiful ideals.

Xu Jun, general manager of China Book Company in Beijing

 

In the last two years, the State Council and the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China have released many initiatives regarding pediatric medicine, including raising pediatricians' salaries and giving them promotions. These measures have played a definitive role in promoting pediatrics.

Jia Liqun, pediatrician in Beijing

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