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Soutenir l’activité des marchandes de poisson en Mauritanie
WASHINGTON, 6 juin 2017 — En Mauritanie, la pêche assure plus de 25 % des recettes publiques et jusqu’à 5 % du PIB. Ce secteur, qui occupe une place centrale dans l’économie du pays, emploie 53 000 personnes, dont environ 30 % de femmes. Dans la ville de Nouadhibou, au nord du pays, la plupart des femmes qui travaillent dans cette filière le font par obligation, pour nourrir leurs familles. Souvent très qualifiées, elles sont contraintes d’accepter des conditions de travail médiocres. C’est le cas des femmes Imraguen, réputées pour la manière dont elles préparent la poutargue, une préparation d’œufs de mulet salés et séchés dont les Européens sont friands. Bien que leur rôle et leur savoir-faire soient reconnus, les Mauritaniennes sont toujours marginalisées dans l’économie nationale et globalement évincées du marché de la pêche. « Comme ce ne sont pas elles qui pêchent, elles ont rarement un accès direct à la matière première », explique Alexandre Laure, spécialiste senior du secteur privé à la Banque mondiale. « Elles ne jouent pratiquement aucun rôle au niveau des exportations, là où les profits sont les plus élevés. Elles doivent se contenter de la demande des marchés locaux, limitée, sachant que les meilleurs poissons iront aux grossistes. » Cette situation est particulièrement pénalisante pour les petits manutentionnaires, qui se plaignent d’être chassés du marché par les grossistes qui gagnent très bien leur vie en alimentant les usines de transformation du pays, en plein essor. « Nous ne pouvons même pas négocier avec les intermédiaires qui revendent le poisson aux usines », explique Kouba Taleb, vendeuse de poissons à Nouadhibou, « parce qu’ils savent que nos délais sont beaucoup plus contraignants puisque nous n’avons pas les moyens de congeler ou réfrigérer la marchandise. Donc nos bénéfices sont encore plus maigres. » Toutes ces difficultés sont aggravées par l’isolement géographique. Le marché de Nouadhibou est tellement saturé que les marchandes de poisson doivent vendre leur marchandise à la sauvette, dans la rue. Stockés en plein air, les produits perdent de leur valeur. C’est pour cela qu’ils sont souvent écoulés sur des marchés de moindre importance, plus près du domicile des vendeuses où, faute de clientèle, elles doivent casser les prix. Ces mauvaises conditions de travail conjuguées à un problème d’accès aux financements, aux terres et aux équipements, contraignent de nombreuses femmes à réduire leurs journées de travail ou à abandonner tout simplement la pêche.
Supporting Women Fish Sellers in Mauritania
WASHINGTON, June 6, 2017—Mauritania’s fishing industry plays a major role in the country’s economy, contributing 25% of public revenue and up to 5% of GDP. The sector generates 53,000 jobs nationwide, with women performing about 30% of the work. In the northern city of Nouadhibou, many women working in the fishing industry do so out of economic necessity. They work to provide for their families. The women are often highly skilled, but are forced to work in poor conditions. Among the Imraguen tribe, for example, women are renowned for their preparation of poutargue, a type of pickled fish highly sought after in European markets. Despite their contributions and recognized skills, women in Mauritania have yet to be fully included in the wider economy and are locked out of virtually every segment of the fisheries marketwomen in Mauritania have yet to be fully included in the wider economy and are locked out of virtually every segment of the fisheries market. “Because women do not fish themselves, they rarely enjoy direct access to the raw material, the fish,” says Alexandre Hugo Laure, a Senior Private Sector Specialist at the World Bank Group. “They play almost no role in the export sector, where you see the highest profits. They are only active in the local market where demand is limited and the highest quality fish are reserved for wholesalers.” This is particularly difficult for small-scale fish handlers, who say that they are priced out of the market by wealthy wholesalers who supply to the country’s rising number of processing plants. “We can’t even bargain with the middlemen who sell on to the factories because they know we can’t afford ice or cold storage, so we have a much stricter turnaround time,” says Kouba Taleb, a woman fish handler in Nouadhibou. “So our profits are even lower.”   These challenges are compounded by physical isolation. Nouadhibou’s artisanal market is saturated to the point that women fish sellers have no formal space for their goods and are forced to work outside the market on the street. Exposure to the elements depreciates the value of their product. They often resort to selling their goods in smaller markets near their homes where fewer buyers pay lower prices for their goods. These poor working conditions, plus limited access to capital, land and equipment, force many women to reduce the number of days they work or to leave the fishing industry altogether. 
Refugee summit leaves Uganda still in need of more $1.6 bn
Uganda has received only 18 per cent funding to help those in need of urgent aid
The Deputy Chairperson of the African Union visits the World Bank Group
  Deputy Chairperson of the African Union Commission (AUC), Mr. Kwasi Quartey, made a courtesy visit on Executive Directors representing African Constituencies at the World Bank Group (WBG) on June 9, 2017.  The meeting was hosted by Mr. Andrew N. Bvumbe, Executive Director for the Africa Group 1 Constituency. Two main issues were discussed, namely (i) human capacity building as a foundation of development, and (ii) challenges in health care delivery in Africa. The meeting acknowledged the importance of capacity building in Africa as a foundation of development. It was pointed out that there were over 460 million youth in Africa who could be an important resource in Africa’s economic transformation. With appropriate education and training, the youth could be transformed to be drivers of growth and development.   Health was said to be another major challenge to development in Africa as there is, among other challenges, an inadequate supply of well-trained doctors and health care specialist. There is an estimated requirement of 1.3 million additional doctors to close the skills gap. In the longer term, a solution would lie in the creation of regional training institutions where African governments would share costs while in the short term, tele-medicines could improve access to specialists. The Train-to-task was also proposed as an option available for potential increase of critical and affordable skills supply, especially to rural Africa. Mr. Bvumbe informed the AUC Deputy Chairperson that a Private Sector Window was established under IDA18, a which would support private sector investments in Africa. In addition, the initiative on domestic resource mobilization would also unlock additional resources.     
Benguela: MPLA partido cumpridor dos compromissos
Lobito - O MPLA é um partido sério, responsável e cumpridor dos seus compromissos, para garantir o bem-estar do povo, afirmou o primeiro secretário do partido do município do Lobito, província de Benguela, Julião de Almeida.,

O político fez essas declarações, no término de uma marcha, realizada no final de semana, de apoio ao candidato do partido a Presidente da República, João Lourenço, nas eleições gerais de 23 de Agosto desse ano.

Em sua opinião, João Lourenço é o candidato certo para levar os angolanos rumo ao progresso, estabilidade social, económica, manutenção da paz e consolidação da democracia.

O político lembrou aos militantes a posição do candidato João Lourenço e do MPLA no número 4 do boletim de voto, no qual devem votar.

Apelou aos membros do partido a aparecer em massa no dia 23 de Agosto, para exercer o seu direito cívico e votar no MPLA, para continuar a dirigir o futuro do país.               

 A marcha iniciou no bairro 27 de Março e culminou, com um acto político de massas, no “Largo das Antigas Malhas Flamingo”.

,
Senegal 3A-OMVS - Transmission Expansion Project
IDA Credit: $97.0 million equivalentMaturity: 38 years, Grace: 6 yearsProject ID: P147921 Project description: This project will enhance electricity trade among Mali, Mauritania, and Senegal.
La bonne gestion des flux financiers dans le secteur minier est un impératif pour un développement durable
DAKAR, 15 mai 2017 — Les industries extractives constituent une source de revenus essentielle pour un bon nombre de pays, dont une trentaine d’économies africaines. Une bonne gestion des recettes fiscales provenant de ce secteur peut contribuer énormément au développement des pays. Dans sa dernière publication intitulée, Transfer Pricing in Mining with a Focus on Africa: A Reference Guide for Practitioners, la Banque mondiale établit une série de recommandations pratiques et des modules de formation destinés aux autorités de l’administration fiscale des pays Africains pour permettre la bonne gestion des revenus du secteur minier. A cet effet, la Banque, en collaboration avec le Centre africain de développement minier, l’Alliance des minéraux et de l’Energie pour le Développement  (MEfDA) et l’Agence allemande de coopération internationale (GIZ), a organisé du 8 au 12 mai, 2017 à Dakar (Sénégal), un atelier auquel ont participé des représentants des autorités fiscales et des ministères chargés des mines de 17 pays Africains et des membres des organisations de la société civile dont l’Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA), Oxfam et la Fondation Ford. Cet atelier visait à renforcer la capacité des contrôleurs fiscaux à s’assurer que les recettes légitimes issues des activités minières sont conformes aux accords contractuels. Les participants se sont penchés sur les risques et pratiques des compagnies minières en matière de flux financiers et de transfert de bénéfices, et ont identifié les solutions administratives pour remédier aux problèmes. Les pays représentés étaient : Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroun, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinée, Guinée équatoriale, Mali, Mozambique, Mauritanie, Madagascar, Niger, République centrafricaine, République du Congo, République démocratique du Congo, Tchad et Togo.
Efficient Management of Mineral Tax Revenues Key to a Sustainable Development
DAKAR, May 15, 2017—Extractives are an important source of income globally, including for about 30 countries in Africa. Efficient management of the collection of tax revenues from extractives can generate key resources for sustainable development work. Drawn from a recent World Bank publication, Transfer Pricing in Mining with a Focus on Africa: A Reference Guide for Practitioners, the Bank, in collaboration with the African Mineral Development Center (AMDC), Minerals and Energy for Development Alliance (MEfDA) and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), organized a training workshop in Dakar, Senegal from May 8 to 12, 2017. The session was attended by tax administration representatives from 17 African countries and civil society organizations such as Open Society for West Africa (OSIWA), Oxfam and the Ford Foundation. The training aimed to build capacity and improve the ability of tax auditors to ensure an efficient management of resources from the mining sector while making sure that tax revenue from mining activities is aligned with contractual agreements. Participants also looked into mining companies’ transfer pricing/profit shifting risks and practices, and shared practical solutions and best practices to address related constraints.  Countries represented at the workshop were Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, DRC, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Mali, Mozambique, Madagascar, Mauritania, Niger and Togo.
Mauritania - INAYA-Health System Support
IDA Grant: $17.0 million equivalentProject ID: P156165 Project description: This project will improve the utilization and quality of Reproductive, Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health services in selected regions, and, in the event of an eligible crisis or emergency, to provide immediate and effective response to such an event.
Oceans, Fisheries and Coastal Economies
Context For billions around the world—especially the world’s poorest—healthy oceans mean jobs, food and protection. FAO estimates that fisheries and aquaculture assure the livelihoods of 10-12 percent of the world’s population with more than 90 percent of those employed by capture fisheries working in small-scale operations in developing countries. Oceans are equally important for food security and jobs. In 2012, fisheries produced roughly 160 million tons of fish and generated over US$129 billion in exports while securing access to nutrition for billions of people and accounting for 16 percent of total global animal protein. Coastal areas within 100 km of the ocean account for an estimated 61 percent of the world’s total Gross National Product (GNP) and are of particular importance for developing countries. In 54 coastal and island countries up to two thirds of total national territory is ocean. Overall, healthy oceans, coasts and freshwater ecosystems are crucial for economic growth and food production.A healthy ocean is also fundamental to the global effort to mitigate climate change and its impacts. “Blue carbon” sinks such as mangroves and other vegetated ocean habitats sequester 25 percent of the extra CO2 from fossil fuels and protect coastal communities from floods and storms. In turn, warming oceans and atmospheric carbon are causing ocean acidification that threatens the balance and productivity of the ocean. Ocean resources have a vast potential to unlock growth and wealth but human activity has taken a toll on ocean health. Fish stocks have deteriorated due to overfishing—the FAO estimates that approximately 57 percent of fish stocks are fully exploited and another 30 percent are over-exploited, depleted or recovering. Fish stocks are further exploited by illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, responsible for roughly 11 to 26 million tons of fish catches or US$10-22 billion in unlawful or undocumented revenue. In fact, poor fisheries management squanders roughly US$80 billion annually in lost economic potential. Fish habitats are also under pressure from pollution, coastal development, and destructive fishing practices that undermine fish population rehabilitation efforts. Proper management of fisheries, investment in sustainable aquaculture and protection of key habitats can restore the productivity of the ocean and return benefits to billions of people in developing countries while ensuring future growth, food security and jobs for coastal communities. Strategy The World Bank Group helps countries promote strong governance of marine and coastal resources to improve the contribution to sustainable and inclusive growth by supporting sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, establishing coastal and marine protected areas, reducing pollution, integrating coastal resource management and developing knowledge and capacity around ocean health. The World Bank’s active ‘blue growth’ portfolio is worth US$6.4 billion. The Bank provides some $1 billion in financing for sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, and for efforts to conserve and enhance coastal and ocean habitats. The Bank’s engagement in fisheries and aquaculture is also supported by the PROFISH program, which aims to improve the environmental, social, and economic sustainability of world’s fisheries and aquaculture. The Bank also provides some $5.4 billion for coastal infrastructure such as waste treatment, watershed management and other activities that help reduce coastal pollution. Active projects include support for Pacific island region, West Africa and South West Indian Ocean fisheries management, a partnership to build governance for migratory fish stocks in areas beyond and between national jurisdiction, and a regional technical assistance program to combat coastal erosion in West Africa. The Bank also contributes to knowledge around oceans and fisheries with publications such as Fish to 2030: Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture; The Sunken Billions: The Economic Justification for Fisheries Reform and more. In 2014, the World Bank released the Trade in Fishing Services Report, which discusses best practices for foreign fishing arrangements that benefit developing nations. The Bank convenes partners and stakeholders to mobilize ocean investment, advocate for positive reforms and ensure that healthy oceans remain on the global development agenda. It works through partnerships including the PROFISH program, the Alliance for Responsible Fisheries, the Strategic Partnership for Fisheries in Africa and the Ocean Partnerships for Sustainable Fisheries and Biodiversity Conservation. Results In Indonesia, where two-thirds of coral reefs are considered threatened by overfishing, the Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Project (COREMAP), has benefited 358 village communities by establishing marine protected areas and reducing illegal and destructive fishing. This work has increased communities’ income in COREMAP areas by 21 percent since 2008. Now in its third phase, the project aims to increase communities’ income by 15 percent and improve coral reef health in at least 70 percent of project sites by 2019. In Peru, the Bank partnered with the Government to spur the adoption of new regulations to reduce overcapacity in the anchoveta fishing fleet. Since 2008, anchovy harvesting has not exceeded the catch limit established on the basis of scientific evidence to keep the fishery sustainable. By December 2012, a total of 329 wood and steel vessels had been retired, representing around 30 percent of the original fleet. The Government compensated affected workers and facilitated their transition into other economic activities. As a result, independent fishermen who remained in the sector were able to land a better quality product and negotiate a 200 percent increase in price for the sale of their catch.The Coastal and Biodiversity Management Project in Guinea-Bissau helped the country establish national parks and protected areas network, protecting 480,000 hectares of the country’s coastal zone. In four of the five established protected areas, the effectiveness of park management increased by at least 15 percent from 2005 to 2010. Subsequently, the GEF financed Biodiversity Conservation Trust Fund Project and the IDA financed Biodiversity Conservation Project, further strengthened the management of the National System for Protected Areas (SNAP) and put in place a sustainable financing mechanism for biodiversity conservation, the BioGuinea Foundation.  Achievements included: increasing the overall management effectiveness of the SNAP to 117% over the 2009 baseline, designing a SNAP-wide monitoring system to track biological and socio-economic health of the PAs, and operationalizing the BioGuinea Foundation. The West Africa Regional Fisheries Program (Cabo Verde, Cote d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Senegal and Sierra Leone) aims to increase the economic contribution of marine resources through strengthened fisheries governance, reduced illegal fishing, and increased value added to fish products. Launched in 2010 with four countries, the program now encompasses 10 countries with about half of them moving into Phase 2. In Cabo Verde, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Senegal and Sierra Leone, where phase 1 is reaching completion, Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing has significantly decreased. For countries such as Liberia and Sierra Leone, reduction in IUU fishing has had direct positive results on livelihoods in coastal communities. In all countries, fisheries legal frameworks are better aligned on international standards and, 37,000 canoes have been registered. Senegal has successfully piloted community led fisheries management. The new Senegalese Fisheries Code was enacted in 2015 and eight fishing communities have since been formally recognized, with the oldest one reporting a 133 percent increase in catch productivity and more resources allocated to education and health. India: The Integrated Coastal Zone Management in India (FY07– FY15) finances national- and state-level capacity building, land use planning, and pilot investments in pollution management, resource conservation, and livelihood improvements. The program is pioneering ‘Hazard Line’ mapping for the entire coastline of India, to better manage coastal space and minimize vulnerabilities through shoreline protection and land use plans. So far, 1.5 million people have benefitted from the program, with nearly half of them women, and more than 12,000 hectares of mangroves have been restored. Work has also begun to stop the flow of more than 80 million liters of untreated sewage into the ocean per day and to protect over 400 km of coastline by 2017.   Mozambique’s conservation areas consist of diverse habitats that include a coastline with some of the most spectacular coral reefs in the world. The MozBio project aims to strengthen conservation areas’ protection and improve the lives of communities in and around them. It does so by supporting efficient management, promoting tourism, as well as creating jobs, business opportunities, and livelihood activities that focus on conservation and biodiversity. An estimated 11,200 households or 56,000 people are set to directly benefit from the project.
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