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African Caucus: 2016 Cotonou Declaration
The African Governors of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank met at Palais des Congres de Cotonou, Benin on the August 4-5 , 2016 for the African Caucus, chaired by Abdoulaye BIO TCHANE...
More than 9 000 police officers suspended in Turkey over Gulen-links
Turkey removed from duty 9 103 police officers over alleged links to a US-based cleric.
Igualdade de Condições: Um Novo Atlas Transforma o Acesso aos Dados Jurídicos em África
WASHINGTON, 9 de Março de 2017 – É essencial um enquadramento legal abrangente para uma adequada governação do sector mineiro de África. Contudo, o acesso e o conhecimento das alterações legislativas em muitos países africanos não acompanharam o seu ritmo real. Vários países africanos esforçaram-se por adoptar ou rever os códigos mineiros, procurando informações comparativas e orientações sobre práticas de referência no processo, mas o vazio tornou-se óbvio: há uma falta de dados comparativos sobre leis da mineração e modelos padronizados adequados para a indústria mineira de África. Estas leis já são documentos públicos embora a acessibilidade a estes documentos esteja bloqueada, o que em grande medida se deve à falta de capacidade institucional e à escassez de formas para fornecer essas informações e dados. Em 2014 o Grupo Banco Mundial, em parceria com o Fundo Africano de Apoio Jurídico e a Comissão da União Africana lançou a AMLA. A AMLA visa catalisar a discussão em torno do desenvolvimento sustentável do sector mineiro de África através de três vias:A Plataforma AMLA é um balcão único online grátis, de informações sobre o enquadramento legal da mineração em África, incluindo códigos de mineração, regulamentos e legislação pertinente;O Programa de Formação AMLA centrado no reforço da capacidade na próxima geração de juristas de África; eO Modelo Orientador, um documento anotado concebido para assistir os países na preparação ou revisão das suas leis sobre mineração. Até à data, o projecto AMLA preparou 70 jovens africanos estudantes de direito, 36 homens e 34 mulheres, de 18 países. A AMLA está disponível em Inglês, Francês e Português e contém todos os 53 códigos de mineração africanos existentes, em formato pesquisável, bem como uma funcionalidade de comparação que permite aos utilizadores comparar as disposições legislativas dos 37 países relativamente aos 98 temas mais abordados no que toca a lei da mineração. Modelo Orientador da AMLA, uma Ferramenta para os Decisores No princípio deste ano, foi lançado um produto de conhecimento, o Modelo Orientador da AMLA, uma ferramenta online de referência grátis, que presta orientação sobre a elaboração ou avaliação de uma lei mineira baseada nas actuais realidades de África. Abrange mais de 200 tópicos, fornecendo (i) uma descrição detalhada do tema e (ii) um menu de uma amostra de disposições legislativas acompanhado de anotações para explicar o contexto, questões e aspectos úteis da língua em que são apresentadas. A reacção à AMLA e Modelo Orientador foi altamente positiva de toda a parte. Realizou-se um evento de lançamento em Mining Indaba, a maior conferência do mundo sobre investimento mineiro em África. Altas autoridades governamentais e Ministros das Minas de vários países africanos estiveram presentes e saudaram a AMLA como uma iniciativa muito necessária. “Acho que é a ferramenta que o Continente Africano há muito precisava” disse S.Exa. Lebohang Thotanyana, Ministro das Minas do Lesoto, que está actualmente a dirigir o processo de revisão da lei mineira do Lesoto. O Ministro declarou que o processo, que a sua equipa acabou de iniciar, será realizado de uma forma eficiente e transparente graças à Plataforma AMLA e ao Modelo Orientador. S.Exa. Fatima Haram Acyl, Comissária para o Comércio e Indústria da Comissão da União Africana afirmou que “África precisa de ferramentas que respondam e estejam alinhadas com os princípios da Visão para a Exploração Mineira em África da Agenda 2063. O Atlas da Legislação Africana em Matéria de Mineração é […] a única dessas ferramentas […] que responde à necessidade de haver leis abrangentes sobre recursos minerais e quadros regulamentares”.   Entre os presentes no lançamento e que usaram da palavra contam-se Christopher Stevens, Sócio Parceiro de Werkmans LLC e chefe de LexAfrica, e Nicola Woodroffe, Analista Legal do Instituto de Administração dos Recursos Naturais (NRGI). Ambos referiram os muitos benefícios que a AMLA proporciona às sociedades de advogados que representam os clientes, tanto do sector privado como do público. Um Futuro de Apropriação Africana Durante as fases de planeamento da AMLA ficou determinado que, em última instância, seria importante e adequado que uma entidade sedeada em África assumisse o controlo do projecto para garantir que havia um forte compromisso com a continuação da co-geração de conhecimento com fundamento nas realidades do sector mineiro africano. É neste espírito que o Banco Mundial começou a transferir a manutenção e actualização regular da plataforma AMLA e a coordenação do Programa de Formação para um secretariado no Fundo Africano de Apoio Jurídico, que é acolhido pelo Banco Africano de Desenvolvimento.
Leveling the Playing Field: A New Atlas Transforms Access to Legal Data in Africa
WASHINGTON, March 9, 2017 – A comprehensive legal framework is crucial for the proper governance of Africa’s mining sector. However, access to and knowledge of the evolving legislation of many African countries has not kept pace. A number of African countries have worked to adopt or revise their mining codes, seeking comparative information and guidance on benchmark practices in the process, the void has become obvious: there is an absence of comparative data on mining laws and suitable templates for the African mining industry. These laws are already public documents, yet their accessibility is stalled largely due to a lack of institutional capacity as well as a shortage of ways to deliver that information and data. In 2014 the World Bank Group, in partnership with the African Legal Support Facility and the African Union Commission, launched AMLA. The vision for AMLA is to catalyze discussion around the sustainable development of Africa’s mining sector through three avenues:The AMLA Platform, a free online one-stop resource for Africa's mining legal framework, including mining codes, regulations and related legislation;The AMLA Training Program, focused on strengthening the capacity of Africa’s next generation of lawyers; andThe Guiding Template, an annotated document designed to assist countries in the preparation or revision of their mining laws. To date, the AMLA project has trained 70 young African law students, 36 men and 34 women, from 18 countries. AMLA is available in English, French and Portuguese, and contains all 53 existing African mining codes in searchable format, as well as a comparison feature that allows users to compare the legislation provisions of 37 countries (and counting) across 98 commonly addressed topics in a mining law. AMLA Guiding Template, a Tool for Decision Makers Earlier this year a new knowledge product was launched, the AMLA Guiding Template, a free online reference tool that provides guidance on drafting or assessing a mining law based on Africa’s current realities. It covers over 200 topics, providing (i) a detailed description of the subject matter and (ii) a menu of legislation sample provisions with accompanying annotations to explain the context, issues and useful features of the presented language. Response to AMLA and the Guiding Template has been overwhelmingly positive from all corners. A launch event was held at Mining Indaba, the world’s largest conference on mining investment in Africa. Senior government officials and Mining ministers from several African countries attended the event and hailed AMLA as a much needed initiative. “I think this is the tool the African Continent has needed for quite some time,” said H.E. Lebohang Thotanyana, Lesotho’s Minister of Mines, who is currently leading the review process to revise Lesotho’s mining law. The Minister stated that the process his team has just embarked upon will now be carried out in a more efficient and transparent manner thanks to the AMLA Platform and Guiding Template. H.E. Fatima Haram Acyl, Commissioner for Trade and Industry with the African Union Commission said “Africa needs tools that respond to and are aligned with the principles of the Africa Mining Vision and aspirations of the Agenda 2063. The African Mining Legislation Atlas is […] is the only one of such tools […] that responds to the needs of having comprehensive mineral resources laws and regulatory frameworks.”   Others attending the launch event and speaking included Christopher Stevens, Partner at Werkmans LLC and head of LexAfrica, and Nicola Woodroffe, Legal Analyst with the Natural Resources Governance Institute (NRGI). Both expressed the many benefits AMLA offers law firms that represent both private and public sector clients. A Future of African Ownership During AMLA’s planning stages it was determined that ultimately it would be important and appropriate for an Africa-based entity to take over ownership of the project to ensure there was strong commitment to the co-generation of knowledge continues to occur grounded in the realities of Africa’s mining sector. It is in this spirit that the World Bank began transferring the maintenance and regular updating of the AMLA platform and coordination of the Training Program to a secretariat at the African Legal Support Facility, which is hosted by the African Development Bank.
アフリカ地域
概要 2015年のサブサハラ・アフリカの成長率は、主に石油をはじめとする商品価格の下落を反映し、2014年の4.5%を下回る4.1%となる見込みです。 金属その他の主要一次産品の輸出国では、一次産品価格の下落に伴い活動が鈍化する一方、ほとんどの低所得国では、インフラ投資と農業拡大により堅調な成長が続くと予想されています。非石油部門、特にサービス部門では成長が続き、2016年以降の成長率を押し上げると見られます。低位中所得国と高位中所得国では、公共投資の増大と観光業の回復により成長が促進されるでしょう。 詳細は2015年度年次報告書(PDF)をご覧ください。  活動 世界銀行グループは、アフリカ地域の経済成長と貧困削減、経済的多様化、また新たな包括的開発フレームワークに重点をおいて取り組みを行っています。 また、以下の分野に優先的に取り組んでいます。農業生産性の向上小農家に対する技術面や資金面での支援、アグリビジネスへの投資、水源管理、また気候変動に優しい農業を推進しています。エネルギーの確保安価で安定的かつ持続可能なエネルギーの供給の他、気候変動適応と防災が最重要課題です。地域統合地域間の連携を強め、経済の活性化と生産性の強化を図ります。都市化水、衛生、交通、住居、権力とガバナンスの管理が、都市化による生産性と収入向上の鍵となります。質の高い人的資本としての若年層の育成雇用のニーズと人材のギャップを埋めるべく、若年層の技術スキル向上支援を行っています。 詳細はアフリカ地域ページ(英語)をご覧ください。
Mestre Kituxi encerra primeira fase das homenagens da Trienal de Luanda
Luanda- O músico e compositor Miguel Francisco dos Santos Rodolfo "Mestre Kituxi” será o quarto homenageado pela III Trienal de Luanda neste mês, num concerto a ter lugar às 21 horas desta sexta-feira, 28, no palco Ngola do Palácio de Ferro.,

 

Miguel Rodolfo “Kituxi”,  uma das maiores figuras da música tradicional angolana (MTA), encontra-se afastado dos palcos por questões de saúde, por essa razão, Jorge Mulumba, sobrinho, tem dado a continuação do seu legado. No concerto – homenagem subirá ao palco a actual formação do conjunto: Inó Gonçalves, no tambor solo, Zé Fininho, na dikanza, Raul Tolingas,  no tambor baixo, Nando Francisco, no mukindu, e Jorge Mulumba, na voz principal, hungu e puíta. 

Em 2016, na programação da III Trienal de Luanda, o grupo Kituxi apresentava-se às sexta-feiras e fruto dessa parceira actuou, no dia 2 de Julho do mesmo ano, na Casa da Música do Porto (Portugal).

Este momento insere-se no quadro da valorização dos artistas que a TL tem vindo a desenvolver, sendo homenageados Marito, Zé Keno, Xabanú (2016) , Matadidi, Joãozinho Morgado e Boto Trindade (2017).  

A homenagem consiste em prestar tributo às figuras que, incansavelmente, contribuíram e continuam a contribuir com o seu saber para a expansão da cultura angolana.

O tributo ao Kituxi antecede ao projecto de Música Tradicional que terá início no próximo dia 4 de Maio de 2017.

Kituxi tem quatro obras publicadas, respectivamente: “Nguitambulé” (1984), “Dingongenu” (2001), “Kufikissa” (2009) e “Kene Kimoxi” (2016). 

Miguel Francisco dos Santos Rodolfo nasceu em Luanda a 4 de Junho de 1940. No dia 13 de Maio de 1980 funda o Kituxi e Seus Acompanhantes.

Fizeram parte da primeira formação: Chico Açucareiro, no mukindo, Inó Gonçalves, na ngoma solo, Antóninho Partoscornos, na ngoma base, Adãozinho, que substituiu Manuel Baptista Manuelito, na dikanza e na voz principal, hungu, kissanje e puíta.  

A III Trienal de Luanda teve início a 1 de Novembro de 2015 e vai até finais de Agosto do corrente ano, sob o lema “Da utopia à realidade”.

Esta iniciativa cultural visa resgatar, preservar e divulgar as obras e os criadores angolanos que trabalham para o desenvolvimento da nossa hegemonia cultural, nas mais variadas disciplinas artísticas. 

Do tradicional à arte multimídia, a Trienal de Luanda é um exercício que se contrapõe à violência, respeita a diferença, redimensiona e valoriza o outro, enquanto sujeito artístico de acção, tendo como objectivo o resgate, através das artes visuais e cénicas. 

A trienal de Luanda já realizou, desde Novembro de 2015 a 23 Abril de 2017, 2.029 eventos (artes visuais, cénicas, literatura, projecto educação e entrevistas), 2.635 artistas participaram, tendo um total de público de 212.634 pessoas, em 462 dias de actividades. 

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Économie bleue en Afrique : la Banque mondiale, les ministres africains et les partenaires au développement appellent à des investissements durables et intelligents face au climat
Balaclava, MAURICE, le 6 septembre 2016— Les ministres africains de plusieurs pays côtiers et de petits États insulaires en développement, la Banque mondiale et des partenaires au développement se sont rencontrés à Maurice les 1er et 2 septembre lors de la Conférence ministérielle africaine sur les économies bleues et le changement climatique, pour débattre de la construction d’une économie bleue, durable et intelligente face aux enjeux climatiques en Afrique. Dans un communiqué final intitulé  « Communiqué de Maurice », les participants à la conférence ont exposé leur vision commune d’une Afrique prospère, résiliente et inclusive, et ont noté le rôle prépondérant du continent dans la quête d’une économie bleue et intelligente face au climat. « Le Communiqué de Maurice lance un appel fort à agir pour le climat afin de préserver les océans et les côtes africaines », a déclaré Jamal Saghir, conseiller régional senior à la Banque mondiale et coprésident de la conférence.« La Banque mondiale, avec la Banque africaine de développement et la FAO, préparera une série de mesures d’appui financier et technique pour aider les pays africains à développer une économie durable axée sur les océans. » Jamal Saghir a ajouté que ce projet d’aide qui devrait atteindre 670 millions de dollars et sera financé à part égale par l’IDA (le fonds de la Banque mondiale destiné aux pays les plus pauvres) et le Fonds vert pour le climat ainsi que par d’autres sources, sera soumis aux pays africains pour examen. Les gouvernements, les entreprises privées, les organisations du développement et d’autres institutions financières se sont engagées dans le « Communiqué de Maurice » à développer les économies bleues et côtières, et, à piloter des évaluations d’impact environnemental appropriées en intégrant une clause de durabilité et de transparence dans tous leurs programmes d’investissement. Ce communiqué établit un lien entre le développement d’une économie bleue et l’action pour le climat. Nous invitons les pays à soumettre des propositions de programmes au Fonds vert pour le climat et à réexaminer leurs contributions nationales pour tenir compte des problématiques océaniques et côtières. Maurice, petit État insulaire, mais grand État océanique, a fourni un cadre exceptionnel pour la conférence. « Maurice est fier d’avoir fait preuve de leadership en organisant cette importante conférence – la première en Afrique et dans le monde. Cette conférence aide l’Afrique à parler d’une même voix sur l’économie bleue et sur le changement climatique, deux problématiques essentielles au futur du continent », explique Xavier Luc Duval, vice-premier ministre de Maurice. « Le secteur privé a pleinement participé et de nombreuses opportunités d’investissement ont été examinées. » Comme d’autres pays insulaires, Maurice a perdu 11 % de son littoral en raison d’une importante érosion, et la barrière de corail se réduit. Le pays a adopté des mesures pour y remédier, notamment l’interdiction de l’extraction de sable. La Conférence ministérielle africaine sur l’économie bleue lui a permis de partager son expérience, de débattre des meilleures pratiques avec les autres pays et d’en tirer des enseignements pour le futur. La croissance démographique sur le littoral, la surpêche et la dégradation de la biodiversité des écosystèmes marins et côtiers sont autant de sujets qui préoccupent les gouvernements africains. Tous ces problèmes dégradent les côtes et les océans, réduisent les sources de subsistance pour les populations et aggravent la pauvreté. Cinq cent mille personnes sont touchées chaque année par les inondations côtières en Afrique de l'Ouest. Au Togo, par exemple, le coût de l’érosion et de la dégradation côtière, et le déclin des opportunités économiques qui en résulte représentaient environ 3 % de son PIB, soit 296 millions de dollars, en 2013. « Le Togo accueillera un sommet extraordinaire de l’Union africaine sur la sûreté et la sécurité maritime et sur le développement en octobre prochain », a annoncé André Johnson, ministre de l’Environnement du Togo. « Le Communiqué de Maurice apporte une importante contribution au sommet, et le gouvernement togolais plaidera en faveur des économies bleues intelligentes face au climat.»
Oceans, Fisheries and Coastal Economies
Context For billions around the world—especially the world’s poorest—healthy oceans mean jobs, food and protection. FAO estimates that fisheries and aquaculture assure the livelihoods of 10-12 percent of the world’s population with more than 90 percent of those employed by capture fisheries working in small-scale operations in developing countries. Oceans are equally important for food security and jobs. In 2012, fisheries produced roughly 160 million tons of fish and generated over US$129 billion in exports while securing access to nutrition for billions of people and accounting for 16 percent of total global animal protein. Coastal areas within 100 km of the ocean account for an estimated 61 percent of the world’s total Gross National Product (GNP) and are of particular importance for developing countries. In 54 coastal and island countries up to two thirds of total national territory is ocean. Overall, healthy oceans, coasts and freshwater ecosystems are crucial for economic growth and food production. A healthy ocean is also fundamental to the global effort to mitigate climate change and its impacts. “Blue carbon” sinks such as mangroves and other vegetated ocean habitats sequester 25 percent of the extra CO2 from fossil fuels and protect coastal communities from floods and storms. In turn, warming oceans and atmospheric carbon are causing ocean acidification that threatens the balance and productivity of the ocean. Ocean resources have a vast potential to unlock growth and wealth but human activity has taken a toll on ocean health. Fish stocks have deteriorated due to overfishing—the FAO estimates that approximately 57 percent of fish stocks are fully exploited and another 30 percent are over-exploited, depleted or recovering. Fish stocks are further exploited by illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, responsible for roughly 11 to 26 million tons of fish catches or US$10-22 billion in unlawful or undocumented revenue. In fact, poor fisheries management squanders roughly US$80 billion annually in lost economic potential. Fish habitats are also under pressure from pollution, coastal development, and destructive fishing practices that undermine fish population rehabilitation efforts. Proper management of fisheries, investment in sustainable aquaculture and protection of key habitats can restore the productivity of the ocean and return benefits to billions of people in developing countries while ensuring future growth, food security and jobs for coastal communities. Strategy The World Bank Group helps countries promote strong governance of marine and coastal resources to improve the contribution to sustainable and inclusive growth by supporting sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, establishing coastal and marine protected areas, reducing pollution, integrating coastal resource management and developing knowledge and capacity around ocean health. The World Bank’s active ‘blue growth’ portfolio is worth US$6.4 billion. The Bank provides some $1 billion in financing for sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, and for efforts to conserve and enhance coastal and ocean habitats. The Bank’s engagement in fisheries and aquaculture is also supported by the PROFISH program, which aims to improve the environmental, social, and economic sustainability of world’s fisheries and aquaculture. The Bank also provides some $5.4 billion for coastal infrastructure such as waste treatment, watershed management and other activities that help reduce coastal pollution. Active projects include support for Pacific island region, West Africa and South West Indian Ocean fisheries management, a partnership to build governance for migratory fish stocks in areas beyond and between national jurisdiction, and a regional technical assistance program to combat coastal erosion in West Africa. The Bank also contributes to knowledge around oceans and fisheries with publications such as Fish to 2030: Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture; The Sunken Billions: The Economic Justification for Fisheries Reform and more. In 2014, the World Bank released the Trade in Fishing Services Report, which discusses best practices for foreign fishing arrangements that benefit developing nations. The Bank convenes partners and stakeholders to mobilize ocean investment, advocate for positive reforms and ensure that healthy oceans remain on the global development agenda. It works through partnerships including the PROFISH program, the Alliance for Responsible Fisheries, the Strategic Partnership for Fisheries in Africa and the Ocean Partnerships for Sustainable Fisheries and Biodiversity Conservation. Results In Indonesia, where two-thirds of coral reefs are considered threatened by overfishing, the Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Project (COREMAP), has benefited 358 village communities by establishing marine protected areas and reducing illegal and destructive fishing. This work has increased communities’ income in COREMAP areas by 21 percent since 2008. Now in its third phase, the project aims to increase communities’ income by 15 percent and improve coral reef health in at least 70 percent of project sites by 2019. In Peru, the Bank partnered with the Government to spur the adoption of new regulations to reduce overcapacity in the anchoveta fishing fleet. Since 2008, anchovy harvesting has not exceeded the catch limit established on the basis of scientific evidence to keep the fishery sustainable. By December 2012, a total of 329 wood and steel vessels had been retired, representing around 30 percent of the original fleet. The Government compensated affected workers and facilitated their transition into other economic activities. As a result, independent fisherman who remained in the sector were able to land a better quality product and negotiate a 200 percent increase in price for the sale of their catch.  The Coastal and Biodiversity Management Project in Guinea-Bissau helped the country establish national parks and protected areas network, protecting 480,000 hectares of the country’s coastal zone. In four of the five established protected areas, the effectiveness of park management increased by at least 15 percent from 2005 to 2010. The West Africa Regional Fisheries Program (Cabo Verde, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Senegal and Sierra Leone) aims to increase the economic contribution of marine resources through strengthened fisheries governance, reduced illegal fishing, and increased local value added to fish products. In Liberia, the government passed comprehensive fisheries regulations in December 2010 and inaugurated the first fisheries monitoring center. Since that time, the incidence of illegal fishing has been reduced by 83 percent and fishing communities report higher catches. In Sierra Leone, the Government has brought over 14 industrial vessels to port for illegal fishing and increased public revenues from the fisheries sector from US$0.9 million in 2008 to US$3.8 million in 2013. Senegal in June 2015 enacted a new Fisheries Code for a sensible and sustainable utilization of fisheries resources, including community-led fisheries management. Twelve fishing communities have since been formally recognized, with some reporting an increase in returns of up to 133 percent. India: The Integrated Coastal Zone Management in India  (FY07- FY15) finances national- and state-level capacity building, land use planning, and pilot investments in pollution management, resource conservation, and livelihood improvements. The program is pioneering ‘Hazard Line’ mapping for the entire coastline of India, to better manage coastal space and minimize vulnerabilities through shoreline protection and land use plans. So far, 1.5 million people have benefitted from the program, with nearly half of them women, and more than 12,000 hectares of mangroves have been restored. Work has also begun to stop the flow of more than 80 million liters of untreated sewage into the ocean per day and to protect over 400 km of coastline by 2017.   Mozambique’s conservation areas consist of diverse habitats that include a coastline with some of the most spectacular coral reefs in the world. The MozBio Project aims to strengthen conservation areas’ protection and improve the lives of communities in and around them. It does so by supporting efficient management, promoting tourism, as well as creating jobs, business opportunities, and livelihood activities that focus on conservation and biodiversity. An estimated 11,200 households or 56,000 people are set to directly benefit from the project.
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