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Renuevan acuerdo de cooperación bancos de México y China
18 de noviembre de 2017, 14:11México, 18 nov (PL) El Banco Nacional de Comercio Exterior de México (Bancomext) y el de Desarrollo de China (CDB) renovaron hoy la firma de un Acuerdo de Cooperación Estratégica para fortalecer la cooperación en apoyo a proyectos de inversión entre ambas naciones.
Jamaica alista conferencia mundial de turismo
Kingston, 18 nov (PL) El alistamiento de la Conferencia mundial sobre empleo y crecimiento inclusivo: asociaciones para el turismo sostenible, a desarrollarse del 27 al 29 de este mes en Jamaica, avanza satisfactoriamente, aseguró hoy el ministro jamaiquino del sector, Edmund Bartlett.
Trabajan en la agricultura 108 millones de niños, alerta FAO
La Habana, 18 nov (PL) La FAO alertó hoy que 108 millones de niños, niñas y adolescentes laboran en la agricultura en el mundo, el 71 por ciento del total del trabajo infantil y una cifra que se incrementó en 10 millones desde 2012.
Movimientos dominicanos de solidaridad con Venezuela apoyan diálogo
Santo Domingo, 18 nov (PL) Las organizaciones sociales y movimientos dominicanos de solidaridad con Venezuela apoyaron la reanudación del diálogo entre gobierno y oposición, que se efectuará el 1 y 2 de diciembre en esta capital, se conoció hoy aquí.
Financing Conservation and Management of the Eastern Caribbean Marine Ecosystem
Challenge The marine space in the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is under constant threat.  A 2004 World Resources Institute study estimated that between US$350 million and US$870 million could be lost annually between 2015 and 2050 due to declining fish stocks, reduced tourism, loss of shoreline protection and coral reef degradation throughout the region. To address these threats, OECS developed policies and programs for the conservation and sustainable use of aquatic resources. However, significant gaps in these efforts, mostly due to lack of financing, have limited the effectiveness and impact of these policies.  Approach The Sustainable Financing and Management of Eastern Caribbean Marine Ecosystem Project established a large regional trust fund, the Caribbean Biodiversity Fund (CBF) in the Bahamas and five smaller, national-level revolving trust funds to provide sustainable, long-term financing to support marine conservation. The national-level trust funds, called National Protected Area Trust Funds, were established in St. Lucia, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua and Barbuda, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The project also set up a monitoring information database through which the impact of interventions on the marine environment could be tracked. By the end of the project, the CBF had garnered US$32 million via donations from the Global Environmental Facility, The German Development Bank (KfW), and The Nature Conservancy (TNC). Investing the funding with an asset management company resulted in an additional US$2.4 million.  The World Bank leveraged its convening power for project success. Funds were not lacking, but the allocation put more than 80 percent of the funds into the endowment, leaving very little for implementation. To overcome this challenge, the Bank capitalized on synergies with The Nature Conservancy’s other project in the region (the Eastern Caribbean Marine Managed Areas Network), and with another Bank-financed project in the region that was developing a disaster risk management database. Coordinating staff and efforts under both operations helped reduce costs and duplication, supporting this project’s implementation despite limited funds. A great example of the collaboration is the use of GEONODE, a database platform previously established under a separate project, and of the services of professionals already trained and experienced in its use. Results The Sustainable Financing and Management of Eastern Caribbean Marine Ecosystem Project helped established an ongoing, long-term effort to support the health of the region’s marine and associated terrestrial ecosystems. This effort has been set on a strong footing through several collaborative and targeted undertakings. Achievements include the following: ·       Formation of the Caribbean Biodiversity Fund (CBF), which has US$34.4 million available for sustainable financing, including US$2.4 in generated income representing a greater than 7 percent rate of return for conservation financing. This result was achieved by the end of the project in December 2016. ·       Establishment of five national-level trust funds created to receive CBF funds. Of these, two (St. Lucia and Antigua and Barbuda) are considered operational, having just signed their vertical agreements with the CBF, and are ready to receive funds from CBF. Two additional national funds for St. Vincent and the Grenadines and St. Kitts and Nevis are expected to receive funds by the end of 2017. ·       Completion of demonstration activities, including (i) a water quality improvement plan in Woburn Clarkes Court Bay Marine Protected Area, including a community monitoring system; and (ii) a methodology for protected area managers to use drones to collect special data on marine protected areas. ·       Creation of a web-based regional monitoring system at www.caribnode.org that brings together data from national and regional entities and creates a Caribbean Reef Report Card and Coral Reef Assessment Tool for use by protected area managers. The assessment tools can be used to manage and track coral reef health.
What Makes Catastrophe Risk Pools Work: Lessons for Policymakers
Securing access to financial resources before a disaster strikes through sovereign catastrophe risk pools allows countries to respond quickly to disasters and reduce their impact on people and their livelihoods. This is what islands in both the Caribbean and the Pacific have done over the last decade through regional risk pools -- the Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility (CCRIF SPC) and the Pacific Catastrophe Risk Assessment and Financing Initiative (PCRAFI) Insurance Program. In the aftermath of Hurricanes Irma and Maria this past September, CCRIF SPC provided $29.6 million in payouts in less than 15 days to six Caribbean countries: Antigua & Barbuda, Anguilla, Haiti, Saint Kitts & Nevis, The Bahamas, and Turks & Caicos Islands, while in Dominica, the CCRIF SPC along with an existing World Bank disaster reduction project, made a $19 million payout. Likewise, in 2015, just seven days after Cyclone Pam devastated Vanuatu -- leaving one-third of the island’s population homeless and causing damages equivalent to more than 60% of the GDP -- the government received a $2 million payout from the insurance policy it had purchased through PCRAFI. While $2 million may not be a large amount of money, it was eight times the government’s emergency provision and was critical for funding urgent priorities, such as flying medical personnel to the worst affected areas. Through sovereign catastrophe risk pools, countries can pool risks in a diversified portfolio, retain some of the risk through joint reserves and capital, and transfer excess risk to the reinsurance and capital markets. Since it is highly unlikely that several countries will be hit by a major disaster within the same year, the diversification among participating countries creates a more stable and less capital-intensive portfolio, which is cheaper to reinsure. By putting a price tag on risk, sovereign catastrophe risk pools can also create incentives for countries to invest in risk reduction. This is important because donor assistance is struggling to meet the rising cost of disasters, and insurance coverage remains low in vulnerable countries. At the same time, disaster losses are on the rise,  with climate-hazards increasing in frequency and intensity, and more people and assets in harm’s way. Already the impact of natural disasters is equivalent to a $520 billion loss in annual consumption, and forces some 26 million people into poverty each year. In the last 10 years, 26 countries in three regions—Africa, the Pacific, and the Caribbean and Central America—have joined three sovereign catastrophe risk pools, thanks in part to contributions from donors, who provided technical and financial resources to support them. They have purchased parametric catastrophe risk insurance for an aggregate coverrage of $870 million and an aggregate premium volume of $56.6. million, backed by more than 30 reinsurance companies. The three pools have made $105 million in payouts to date. Reviewing this experience, a new report prepared by the World Bank and Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) shows that catastrophe risk pools can play an important role in moving the management of disaster and climate shocks away from ad hoc humanitarian assistance toward planned development. The report, Sovereign Catastrophe Risk Pools: A World Bank Technical Contribution to the G20, makes the case for stronger cooperation between G20 countries and developing countries on disaster and climate risk financing and insurance. The report was instrumental to the G20 endorsement of the new Global Partnership for Climate and Disaster Risk Finance and Insurance Solutions which will be launched at COP23. Ultimately, risk pools are only one element of an effective approach to risk management. To reduce the impact of disasters on people, livelihoods and national budgets, governments should consider ways to identify and reduce the underlying drivers of risk. Risk pools, along with other disaster risk finance and insurance solutions, complement risk reduction by helping governments address those risks that can’t be mitigated. They also help move risk management toward a proactive approach focused on planning financial responses in advance, rather than relying on fundraising efforts in the aftermath of disasters. The report shows that political commitment, donor support, sound operational design, and financial sustainability form the foundation of sucessful risk pools.
Infografía: 5 datos claves sobre los empleos del futuro
Súmate a la conversación con #EmpleosDelFuturo.
World Bank Offers Support to Respond to Hurricane Irma
WASHINGTON, September 7, 2017 – World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim made the following statement as Hurricane Irma ripped through the Eastern Caribbean and continued its devastating path across the Caribbean Sea: “Our sympathy and solidarity go to the people of the Eastern Caribbean and to all those who may still be affected by Hurricane Irma. We've reached out to the government of Antigua and Barbuda and offered immediate support to assess damages and loss, respond to the disaster and help begin recovery. Our staff on the ground in the Dominican Republic and Haiti are already working closely with the national agencies and development partners to improve preparedness and deliver a timely response. It's too early to know the full impact of the storm as the events are still unfolding. However, disasters like this remind us of the need to help countries build greater resilience against ever-more frequent shocks”. Since 1980, eight countries in the Caribbean experienced a disaster event with an economic impact of over 50 percent of their annual GDP: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Lucia and Saint Kitts and Nevis.The World Bank is currently supporting Caribbean countries on disaster risk management and climate change adaptation with an active investment portfolio of US$383 million.  Learn more about the work of the World Bank in Latin America and the Caribbean: www.worldbank.org/lacVisit us on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/worldbankBe updated via:Twitter: @WBCaribbeanYouTube: http://www.youtube.com/worldbank  
El Banco Mundial ofrece su apoyo para responder al huracán Irma
WASHINGTON, 7 de septiembre de 2017 – El Presidente del Grupo Banco Mundial, Jim Yong Kim, realizó la siguiente declaración mientras el huracán Irma arrasaba con el Caribe oriental, continuando su trayectoria devastadora a través del mar Caribe: “Enviamos nuestra simpatía y solidaridad a los habitantes del Caribe oriental y a todos aquellos que todavía pueden verse afectados por el huracán Irma. Nos hemos comunicado con el gobierno de Antigua y Barbuda ofreciendo apoyo inmediato para evaluar los daños y pérdidas, responder al desastre y ayudar a comenzar la recuperación. Nuestro personal sobre el terreno, tanto en República Dominicana como Haití, ya está trabajando de manera estrecha con agencias nacionales y socios en el desarrollo para mejorar el nivel de preparación y brindar una respuesta oportuna. Es muy pronto aún para conocer el impacto total de la tormenta, dado que la situación todavía se está desarrollando. Sin embargo, desastres como estos nos recuerdan la necesidad de ayudar a los países a desarrollar su capacidad de resistir estos "shocks" cada vez más frecuentes”.Desde 1980, ocho países en el Caribe han sufrido un desastre natural con un impacto económico mayor al 50 por ciento de su PIB anual: Antigua y Barbuda, Dominica, Granada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Santa Lucía y San Cristóbal y Nieves.Actualmente, el Banco Mundial apoya a los países caribeños en temas de gestión de riesgos ante desastres y adaptación al cambio climático con una cartera activa de inversiones de US$383 millones.Para conocer el trabajo del Banco Mundial en América Latina y el Caribe visite: www.bancomundial.org/alcVisítenos en Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/bancomundialManténgase informado via Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/BancoMundialLACNuestro canal de YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/alcregion2010/videos   
Banco Mundial apoya transición del Caribe oriental hacia una economía azul
Washington DC, 26 de septiembre de 2017 – El Banco Mundial aprobó una subvención de US$6,3 millones para ayudar a los países del Caribe oriental a conservar y fortalecer la resiliencia de sus recursos costeros y marinos, así como implementar políticas de carácter regional para estimular el crecimiento azul. Esto les permitirá a estos países gestionar mejor su infraestructura natural, que es la primera línea de defensa ante las mareas de tormentas y los daños resultantes de una mayor frecuencia de eventos climáticos extremos, como los recientes huracanes. El proyecto Entorno Oceánico Regional para el Caribe será implementado por la Comisión de la Organización de los Estados del Caribe Oriental (OECS) en estrecha colaboración con sus Estados miembro. “Este proyecto apoyará a los diseñadores de políticas del Caribe oriental en la identificación de políticas inteligentes tendientes a aprovechar el océano y sus activos naturales, así como a estar preparados para una transición exitosa hacia una economía azul y un ‘crecimiento azul’ socialmente equitativo”, dijo Tahseen Sayed, directora del Banco Mundial para el Caribe. “Dado que la región ha sido seriamente afectada por los recientes huracanes, es igualmente importante desarrollar la resiliencia de sus comunidades costeras y promover el desarrollo sostenible de los recursos oceánicos”. De acuerdo al informe del Banco Mundial, “Hacia una economía azul: una promesa de crecimiento sostenible para el Caribe”, el mar Caribe generó US$407 mil millones en valor agregado en 2012, incluidos países continentales con costa sobre el mar. El mar Caribe cubre una superficie de 2,75 millones de kilómetros cuadrados y es un recurso clave para los 40 millones de personas que viven sobre sus costas. Los países de la OECS juegan un papel fundamental en la gobernanza oceánica regional dado que dependen en gran medida de sus ecosistemas costeros para sus ingresos, puestos de trabajo, salud y bienestar. Al mismo tiempo, el desarrollo mal planificado representa una amenaza para las comunidades locales, dado que erosiona las protecciones naturales tanto costeras como marinas, así como otros activos oceánicos naturales importantes. “Este proyecto respalda la implementación de la Política Oceánica Regional para el Caribe oriental, una política integral avalada por todos los jefes de Estado de la OECS. Esta iniciativa expone una visión a largo plazo para asegurar la salud futura de los espacios oceánicos mientras se obtienen sus riquezas de una manera sostenible”, dijo Sylvia Michele, especialista en Medio Ambiente del Banco Mundial. El proyecto Entorno Oceánico Regional para el Caribe apoya a Dominica, Granada, San Cristóbal y Nieves, Santa Lucía y San Vicente y las Granadinas en su transición hacia un modelo de ‘economía azul’, en donde industrias oceánicas sostenibles ayudan a proporcionar puestos de trabajo, reducir la pobreza y promover la prosperidad compartida en toda la región. De manera específica, el proyecto: ·       Apoya la implementación de políticas regionales, incluida la cartografía de activos oceánicos, el desarrollo de planes espaciales costeros y marinos, y estrategias oceánicas nacionales con la participación activa de la ciudadanía; ·       Colabora con empresas tecnológicas del sector privado y plataformas educativas para promover la educación oceánica; y ·       Mejora la cobertura y el acceso a datos marinos por parte de la OECS a través de plataformas colaborativas público-privadas. Este proyecto está financiado por una subvención de US$6.3 millones del Fondo para el Medio Ambiente Mundial (FMAM).
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