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More snow as cold front sweeps in 
The UK is braced for more snow across the large parts of the country, prompting warnings of travel disruption and health fears.
Ulster health strike 'to go ahead' 
A strike by health workers in Northern Ireland is set to go ahead despite a proposed pay deal drawn up after lengthy talks between unions and the Government in Westminster.
Proposed bridge to ease congestion 
A new bridge is among proposals to ease congestion at one of Belfast's busiest traffic junctions.
Health worker strikes 'will go ahead' in Northern Ireland 
Health sector strikes planned for Thursday will still go ahead in Northern Ireland - despite being called off in the rest of the UK.
1,400 rescued by lifeboat crews 
More than 1,400 people were rescued by RNLI lifeboat crews from waters in and around Ireland.
Press release: World can cut carbon emissions and live well

Cutting carbon emissions to limit global temperatures to a 2°C rise can be achieved while improving living standards, a new online tool shows.

The world can eat well, travel more, live in more comfortable homes, and meet international carbon reduction commitments according to the Global Calculator tool, a project led by the UK’s Department of Energy and Climate Change and co-funded by Climate-KIC.

Built in collaboration with a number of international organisations from US, China, India and Europe, the calculator is an interactive tool for businesses, NGOs and governments to consider the options for cutting carbon emissions and the trade-offs for energy and land use to 2050.

Energy and Climate Change Secretary Edward Davey said:

“For the first time this Global Calculator shows that everyone in the world can prosper while limiting global temperature rises to 2°C, preventing the most serious impacts of climate change.

“Yet the calculator is also very clear that we must act now to change how we use and generate energy and how we use our land if we are going to achieve this green growth.

“The UK is leading on climate change both at home and abroad. Britain’s global calculator can help the world’s crucial climate debate this year. Along with the many country-based 2050 calculators we pioneered, we are working hard to demonstrate to the global family that climate action benefits people.”

Climate Change Minister Amber Rudd said:

“This Global Calculator is unique for three reasons. It has been built in collaboration with a range of international organisations - from China to India and the US. It is open, with its data fully available to the public, and it is also simple enough for everyone to use.”

Dr Mike Cherrett, Director of Operations and International Partnerships at Climate-KIC, said:

“The calculator clearly highlights that we can meet our 2°C target while maintaining good lifestyles – but we need to set ambitious targets on all fronts and use innovation to address climate change.

“The challenge to find new commercially-viable business models is considerable – but for those organisations who succeed, the reward is even greater. The calculator provides a framework for policy makers and business leaders to create an environment where this is possible.”

Using data reviewed by over 150 international experts, this free and interactive tool shows that despite expectations that the world’s population will rise from 7 billion currently to 10 billion by 2050, it is physically possible for everyone to have a good standard of living while limiting global temperature rises to 2°C.

However, the tool shows that to be successful the world needs to act now and transform the technologies and fuels we use and make smarter use of our land for food, forestry and fuel.

For example the amount of CO2 emitted per unit of electricity globally would need to fall by at least 90% and our forests protected and expanded by 5-15% by 2050.

Notes for editors

  • More information on the DECC 2oC scenario.

  • Reports on Global Calculator Sector Digest and Global Calculator Report.

  • Good lifestyle definition: in our report we have defined a “good lifestyle” to mean that world average lifestyle indicators around transport (e.g. how far people travel) and homes (e.g. how comfortably heated/cooled they are and how many appliances they have) continue to improve along a business as usual pathway (in this case the International Energy Agency’s 6°C Scenario) from now to 2050. For diet, the world average food intake continues to increase as projected by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN, which by 2050 would exceed the levels recommended by the WHO for a healthy, active lifestyle. In general, lifestyle indicators move towards the current levels seen in developed countries such as Europe. Please note that as the Global Calculator looks at world averages only, this could mean that inequality has reduced by 2050 (with more people living close to this higher average lifestyle), or it could still mean that there is a lot of variation between countries as seen today (for example with over-consumption of food in some areas and under-consumption in others).

  • In 2010, DECC published the “UK 2050 Calculator”, a simple and transparent online tool that allows anyone to explore all the potential energy futures for the UK to 2050, and the impacts on energy security, costs, land use, air quality and emissions. This tool was used to explore and communicate the options for the UK’s energy system to 2050, within the UK Government’s 2011 “Carbon Plan”.

  • The UK Calculator has also proved useful outside government. For example, organisations such as Friends of the Earth and the National Grid have used it to better understand the choices and trade-offs facing the UK.

  • The tool has been so successful that even other countries have adopted the approach themselves, some with DECC’s support using International Climate Fund finance. There are now around 20 governments who have developed or are developing their own country-level calculator, and there are some notable successes:

  • China has been using their calculator to support the development of their government’s economic and energy strategy, and to train their officials on the energy challenges facing their country.

  • The India tool has received support from the top of the Indian Government. For example, the then deputy chairman of the Indian Planning Commission stated, “I hope the India Energy Security Scenarios 2047 will help generate informed debate on energy policy issues”.

  • Colombian officials spoke at the 20th Conference of Parties in Lima, in December 2014, about how they plan to use it to develop their Intended National Determined Contributions for emissions cuts.

  • Vietnam are so keen on the approach that they are going to roll out the methodology at a provincial level in 2015.

  • South Africa will be using their version of My2050 as part of a major national campaign to promote environmental education in schools, quoting at the launch event: “The tool will empower South Africans to make informed choices that contribute to a transition to a lower carbon economy and society”.

The country-level calculator tools are very useful, however they cannot tell us what actions add up at a global level, and the risks we face if we do not take action to reduce global emissions. This is why DECC, with joint funding from Climate KIC, has led a range of global partners to build a global version.


Climate-KIC is the EU’s main climate innovation initiative. It is Europe’s largest public-private innovation partnership focused on mitigating and adapting to climate change. Climate-KIC consists of companies, academic institutions and the public sector.

The organisation has its headquarters in London, UK, and leverages its centres across Europe to support start-up companies, to bring together partners on innovation projects and to educate students to bring about a connected, creative transformation of knowledge and ideas into products and services that help mitigate and adapt to climate change.

Climate-KIC currently has centres in France, Germany, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Denmark and the UK and is represented in the regions of Valencia, Central Hungary, Emilia Romagna, Lower Silesia, Hessen and the West Midlands.

Climate-KIC is one of the Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs) created in 2010 by the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT), the EU body tasked with creating sustainable European growth while dealing with the global challenges of our time.

The Team

The Global Calculator was built by the UK’s Department of Energy and Climate Change, Climate-KIC, the International Energy Agency, the Energy Research Institute (China), the World Resources Institute, Ernst & Young, Imperial College London, London School of Economics, Potsdam Institute, Climact, Climate Media Factory, Rothamsted Research, Walker Institute, the UK National Environment Research Council, the UK National Oceanography Centre, the UK Met Office and Universite de Versailles St-Quentin-en-Yvelines. In addition, over 150 experts from around the world were consulted during the course of building the model.

Try the tool

Find out more about the project

News story: International Crime and Policing Conference 2015

Updated: Added translation

The first Home Office crime and policing conference, ‘Cutting crime in a changing world’, takes place on 28 and 29 January 2015.

The conference brings together 120 leading experts to share a wide range of perspectives on crime. It’s an opportunity to highlight new research, generate ideas, showcase innovation and consider how we – government, police and citizens – should respond to current and future crime challenges.

A message from Home Secretary Theresa May

The conference will be opened by Home Secretary Theresa May. The keynote speakers are Professor Franklin Zimring from UC Berkeley School of Law, and Professor Sadie Creese from Oxford University.

Other speakers include a wide range of UK and international experts from law enforcement, academia, industry and the voluntary sector.

Professor Franklin Zimring
Professor Franklin Zimring, Professor of Law, UC Berkeley School of Law

Evolving crime challenges

Crime in England and Wales has fallen by more than 60% since the mid 1990s, according to the independent Crime Survey. In much of the Western world it has fallen sharply over roughly the same period. Since this government came to power, survey recorded crime has fallen by over a fifth.

At the same time, the picture is becoming more complex. In England and Wales, more people are coming forward to report certain types of abuse that have previously been under-reported. Meanwhile, advances in technology are providing opportunities for both criminals and law enforcement.

Bill Blair, Chief of the Toronto Police Service
Bill Blair, Chief of the Toronto Police Service

As the government responds to the evolving picture of crime, we must:

  • develop better analysis and evidence on crime trends and drivers, and share it so that police forces and others can ensure crime keeps falling
  • co-ordinate the response to crime issues that are national, serious or organised

Both of these aims are central to our discussions at the conference.

Interactive world map

Explore our interactive map of conference speakers and global cooperation in crime prevention.

Join the discussion

Keep up with conference as it happens by following the Home Office on twitter, or join the discussion using #CrimeConf2015.

Sir Robert Parker
Sir Robert Parker, Former Mayor of Christchurch, New Zealand

Research and analysis

The Home Office has published several papers relevant to the conference.

New mortgage rules to hit city house hunters hardest
First-time buyers have been spared the worst of strict new lending rules introduced by the Central Bank.
Scotch whisky industry ‘bigger than UK iron and steel or computers’
Report finds investment pouring into new distilleries, but Scotch Whisky Association calls on government to reduce tax

Scotch whisky is worth more than £5bn to the UK economy, according to a report that highlights its contribution to the country’s exports and job creation.

Distillers spread from the lowlands of Scotland to as far north as Kirkwall in Orkney directly employ 10,900 people, but they also support a further 30,000 jobs through the supply chain, the research group 4-consulting found.

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Strong dollar threatens debt crisis in sub-Saharan Africa
ODI thinktank warns of risk of debt defaults as countries face $10.8bn in extra currency costs

The strong dollar is threatening an Asian-style debt crisis in sub-Saharan Africa, a thinktank has warned.

The rising value of the US currency is increasing the risk of sovereign debt defaults in the region, according to the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), by handing countries an additional $10.8bn (£7.1bn) of currency costs – equivalent to 1.1% of the region’s gross domestic product.

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